Turner thesis summary

turner thesis summary

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Anything that is counter to those growth conditions is a part of the problem, not a part of the solution. Therefore: If I claim to understand my clients internal frame of reference, but actually dont, i run the risk of making my client worse. If I fake honesty and openness, with my client, i am a part of her problem, not a part of the solution. Obviously any kind of paradoxical instruction is out of the question. Worst of all, it was "external conditions of worth" which caused the problem in the first place, so it is vital that i act unconditionally. In my experience the pca is often misunderstood, (even by some who claim to teach it!). Rogers "integration statement" is breathtaking in its simplicity, but that isn't all. Rogers claimed that these conditions were not only necessary but sufficient.

The Threshold Concept

Two persons are in psychological contact. The first, whom we shall term the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious. The second person, whom we shall term the therapist, is congruent or integrated in the relationship. The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client's internal frame of reference and endeavours to communicate this experience to the client. The communication to the client of the therapist's empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is to a minimal degree achieved. I see this as creating the opposite from the conditions of worth that caused the damage in the first place. We often (misleadingly) summarise this as the 3 core conditions. I believe that the closer we can stay to these conditions, the more therapeutic and helpful we can. We create the conditions that increase the likelihood the actualising tendency can be put back on course for constructive growth. This healthy growth potential is already there, waiting statement to have a healthy environment in which it can develop and flourish.

Constructive, pro-social potentials include: Nurturing Parenting Ability to create intimate relationships Ability to empathically understand another person's subjective experience. What happens in practice? Instead of receiving Unconditional Positive regard, conditions of Worth are placed upon us especially when we are children. "I will only love you if" "I will not love you if you " "If you really love mummy you will" "God summary expects you too" Faced with those options the child is programmed to reject her own feelings and seek external approval. We call this inner knowing our organismic self - that which is inherent in our own organism. The level of psychological disturbance increases as the gap between the needs of the organismic self and the "external conditions of worth" increase. How can Client Centred Therapy help? (There are 6 conditions not 3!) In the integration statement of 1957, rogers said.

turner thesis summary

Stephen Hawking s PhD thesis broke the internet

We can't give to people things we do not possess our selves! Thus the Actualising Tendency is likely to develop in anti-social ways and it is unlikely that Unconditional business Positive regard will be offered to others if it is absent. Humans have both destructive and constructive potential. In an environment in which Unconditional Positive regard is lacking the actualisation of destructive potential is likely. Destructive potential includes destructive behaviour to self and others. Humans also have strong constructive, pro-social potentials. These potentials are likely to actualise in environments that contain Unconditional Positive regard.

In an unpublished paper Prof dave mearns, of Strathclyde University,  tries to summarise rogers 19 Propositions. He describes the Actualising Tendency in this way. This proposition defines Rogers motivational concept: the "actualising tendency". The human being (and indeed most animal and plant life) makes the best job it can of surviving and developing in whatever circumstances it finds itself. This basic motivation towards survival and development creates a pressure in the individual to move towards their potential. While this helps the person to survive and also to develop, it can also result in frustration or depression when the person finds him/herself unable to progress towards his or her potential. (Rogers Propositions are in "Client-Centered Therapy" pages 483 533) If the emerging person, a child, receives Unconditional Positive regard, the Actualising Tendency is likely to grow constructively and, in turn, be able to offer Unconditional Positive regard (Often shortened to upr) to others. The absence of Unconditional Positive regard disables the development of Unconditional Positive regard in a person.

How Old is the earth: Summary - talkOrigins Archive

turner thesis summary

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I regard anything else to be a condition of worth and therefore more a part of the problem than the solution. The next section is longer and was written for a "time limited" essay workshop - i do a lot of work for agencies who only allow a few (typically 6) sessions. In this section I try to describe the basics of Client Centred therapy. (It is often called the person Centred Approach in this country - thus reference to pca) The bold bits are simply there for my guidance when I'm giving a lecture - i leave them in because they may help you to find things. Basic Client Centred theory - the Actualising Tendency.

What makes people tick? Fundamental to person Centred theory is the Actualising Tendency. A belief that within all life there is a tendency towards growth, toward maximising potential. This is a universal theory; there are no exceptions, so we claim that it is a natural Law. This is a natural science theory, not a moral concept. It is believed that this tendency exists in all life forms, but is developed to a higher degree within human life because humans are self aware and aware of being self aware. This tendency is so fundamental that we claim that it is a law of nature.

I assume that a person is doing their best to preserve themselves and to emotionally grow, not withstanding their personal internal and environmental circumstances." What causes people problems or disturbance? From a young age external conditions of worth are put on them. (I will only love you if you do as I say.) eventually a gap widens between the persons true self and the self necessary to meet the external conditions. What can help with these difficulties? How does counselling fit in with this?


The counselling environment i offer tries to be free of conditions of worth. I therefore place the minimum of restrictions or expectations upon a client other than those necessary to preserve an ethical relationship and those which I need for my own well being. I do not place my expectation of her getting better on to my client. How do i have to be, what should / do as a counsellor to facilitate this? I trust the clients ability to grow if I can offer a safe, trusting, valuing environment. I do this by offering the core conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard.

How to Write a compare and, contrast, essay

What is the role of the counselor to assist in this change process? And where does the counselors role end in this process? Answer:- i am going to be a little bit lazy in replying to you in that I will cut and paste stuff I have previously written, but resumes I think it is close enough to your questions to give you the information you are looking for. The first part comes from a workshop I ran on Accreditation. In Britain we have to name the theoretical bases we are working from and then demonstrate that we are doing what we said we were going. The next section is an example of how an Accreditation candidate may approach the "philosophy" part. (they would need to be more detailed than this, but it helped people to think in the right direction.) What are people like? "I believe that people are essentially constructive and that they are motivated to seek the truth.

turner thesis summary

Answer:- hi s a simplified version of the 19 propositions is attached. . This version was written by Professor dave mearns and he has given me permission to send it to students who may find it helpful. Allan A summary of basic theory question:- i'm trying to understand the process of change from this theory model. There are many questions going through my mind. What are people like? How does change take place? How does change get complicated?

(2 question:-, hi Allan, my name.(England). I am a second year post graduate diploma student. I am currently doing (2nd draft) an essay of 5000 words on Rogers theory of personality and his nineteen propositions. How pct compares to other theories and fits in to my own philosophy. My first draft was sent back for not quite meeting the criteria. Do you have any tips on where i can find stuff on the 19 props as I have really struggled to find any literature on it at all. Just need something which explains the propositions and links it in to personality change etc.

Rogers 19 propositions (1 rogers 19 propositions (2 rogers seven stage process. Sex addiction, stages of Client Centred counselling, suicide. Theoretical cause of anorexia, trauma and Critical Incident Debrief (1). Trauma and Critical Incident Debrief (2 - read 1 first) treatment techniques for client-centered treatment, use margaret of metaphors in pca, what is pct good for? Writing a case Study. Writings on specificality in Client-Centred Therapy 19 propositions (1 question:-, hi, i am currently looking for any information on Rogers 19 propositions, do you have any info or know of a web site where i may find some? Answer:-, i'm not aware of them being on a web site anywhere. They are to be found in Client-Centered Therapy - carl Rogers. The British Publisher is Constable.

Wall, street, journal picked up, paper

Index 19 propositions (1) 19 propositions (2 a summary of basic theory, adhd. Australia, bacp, basic essays, brief therapy compare person centred roles and cbt, competent to work a client - compare pca, cbt pdt. Criticisms of the person Centred Approach. Do the "core conditions" work? Does this stuff work? Drink drugs and suicide, eating disorders existential model, feeling about another student. Importance of childhood experiences, person Centred Planning (2 person Centred Planning (2.1). (1 personal development essay, psycho-sexual Therapy.


Turner thesis summary
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