"content has been made available, it is often difficult to determine the authenticity and reliability of information contained in web pages (in many cases, self-published). The invention of the Internet has also allowed breaking news stories to reach around the globe within minutes. This rapid growth of instantaneous, decentralized communication is often deemed likely to change mass media and its relationship to society. "Cross-media" means the idea of distributing the same message through different media channels. A similar idea is expressed in the news industry as "convergence". Many authors understand cross-media publishing to be the ability to publish in both print and on the web without manual conversion effort.
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Music videos can accommodate all styles of filmmaking, including animation, live action films, documentaries, and non-narrative, abstract film. Internet see also: Digital media the Internet (also known simply as "the net" or less precisely as "the web is a more interactive medium of mass media, and can be briefly described as "a network of networks". Specifically, it is the worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and governmental networks, which together carry various information and services, such as email, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked web pages and other documents of the world Wide web. Contrary to some common usage, the Internet and the world Wide web are not synonymous: the Internet is the system of interconnected computer networks, linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections etc.; the web is the contents, or the interconnected documents, linked by hyperlinks. The world Wide web is accessible through the Internet, along with many other services including e-mail, file sharing and others described below. Toward the end his of the 20th century, the advent of the world Wide web marked the first era in which most individuals could have a means of exposure on a scale comparable to that of mass media. Anyone with a web site has the potential to address a global audience, although serving to high levels of web traffic is still relatively expensive. It is possible that the rise of peer-to-peer technologies may have begun the process of making the cost of bandwidth manageable. Although a vast amount of information, imagery, and commentary (i.e.
An album is a collection of related audio recordings, released together to the public, usually commercially. The term record album originated from the fact that 78 rpm phonograph disc records were kept together in a book resembling a photo album. The first collection of records to be called an "album" was Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker suite, release in April 1909 as a four-disc set by Odeon records. 9 10 It retailed for 16 database shillings —about 15 in modern currency. A music video (also promo) is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. Modern music videos were primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings. Although the origins of music videos go back much further, they came into their own in the 1980s, when Music Television 's format was based on them. In the 1980s, the term "rock video" was often used to describe this form of entertainment, although the term has fallen into disuse.
In common usage, an " book arcade game " refers to a game designed to be played in an establishment in which patrons pay to play on a per-use basis. A "computer game" or " pc game " refers to a game that is played on a personal computer. A " Console game " refers to one that is played on a device specifically designed for the use of such, while interfacing with a standard television set. A "video game" (or "videogame has evolved into a catchall phrase that encompasses the aforementioned along with any game made for any other device, including, but not limited to, advanced calculators, mobile phones, pdas, etc. Audio recording and reproduction sound recording and reproduction is the electrical or mechanical re-creation or amplification of sound, often as music. This involves the use of audio equipment such as microphones, recording devices, and loudspeakers. From early beginnings with the invention of the phonograph using purely mechanical techniques, the field has advanced with the invention of electrical recording, the mass production of the 78 record, the magnetic wire recorder followed by the tape recorder, the vinyl lp record. The invention of the compact cassette in the 1960s, followed by sony's Walkman, gave a major boost to the mass distribution of music recordings, and the invention of digital recording and the compact disc in 1983 brought massive improvements in ruggedness and quality. The most recent developments have been in digital audio players.
Any film can become a worldwide attraction, especially with the addition of dubbing or subtitles that translate the film message. Films are also artifacts created by specific cultures, which reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them. video games a video game is a computer -controlled game in which a video display, such as a monitor or television, is the primary feedback device. The term "computer game" also includes games which display only text (and which can, therefore, theoretically be played on a teletypewriter ) or which use other methods, such as sound or vibration, as their primary feedback device, but there are very few new games. There always must also be some sort of input device, usually in the form of button/joystick combinations (on arcade games a keyboard and mouse / trackball combination (computer games a controller ( console games or a combination of any of the above. Also, more esoteric devices have been used for input,. G., the player's motion. Usually there are rules and goals, but in more open-ended games the player may be free to do whatever they like within the confines of the virtual universe.
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In 2004, a new phenomenon occurred when a number of technologies combined to produce podcasting. Podcasting is an asynchronous broadcast/narrowcast medium. Adam Curry and his associates, the podshow, are principal proponents of podcasting. Film main article: Film The term ' film' encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. The name comes from the photographic film (also called filmstock historically the primary medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms for film exist, such as motion pictures (or just pictures and "picture the silver screen, photoplays, the cinema, picture shows, flicks, and most common, movies. Films are produced by recording people and objects with cameras, or by creating them using animation techniques or special effects.
Films comprise literary a series of individual frames, but when these images are shown in rapid succession, an illusion of motion is created. Flickering between frames is not essay seen because of an effect known as persistence of vision, whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed. Also of relevance is what causes the perception of motion: a psychological effect identified as beta movement. Film is considered by many who? to be an important art form; films entertain, educate, enlighten, and inspire audiences.
A third type of media, speciality media, provide for specific demographics, such as specialty channels on tv ( sports channels, porn channels, etc.). These definitions are not set in stone, and it is possible for a media outlet to be promoted in status from a local media outlet to a global media outlet. Some local media, which take an interest in state or provincial news, can rise to prominence because of their investigative journalism, and to the local region's preference of updates in national politics rather than regional news. The guardian, formerly known as the manchester guardian, is an example of one such media outlet; once a regional daily newspaper, The guardian is currently a nationally respected paper. 8 Forms of mass media broadcast main articles: Radio broadcasting and Television The sequencing of content in a broadcast is called a schedule. With all technological endeavours a number of technical terms and slang have developed.
Please see the list of broadcasting terms for a glossary of terms used. Radio and television programs are distributed over frequency bands that in the United States are highly regulated. Such regulation includes determination of the width of the bands, range, licensing, types of receivers and transmitters used, and acceptable content. Cable television programs are often broadcast simultaneously with radio and television programs, but have a more limited audience. By coding signals and requiring a cable converter box at individual recipients' locations, cable also enables subscription -based channels and pay-per-view services. A broadcasting organisation may broadcast several programs simultaneously, through several channels ( frequencies for example bbc one and Two. On the other hand, two or more organisations may share a channel and each use it during a fixed part of the day, such as the cartoon Network / Adult Swim. Digital radio and digital television may also transmit multiplexed programming, with several channels compressed into one ensemble. When broadcasting is done via the Internet the term webcasting is often used.
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Excluding the Internet however, it is questionable whether players of video games are sharing a gender common experience when they play the game individually. It is possible to discuss in great detail the events of a video game with a friend one has never played with, because the experience is identical to each. The question, then, is whether this is a form of mass communication. Citation needed Characteristics five characteristics of mass communication have been identified by sociologist John Thompson of Cambridge University : 7 "Comprises both technical and institutional methods of production and distribution" - this is evident throughout the history of mass media, from print to the Internet. Mainstream and alternative the term "mass media" is sometimes erroneously used as a synonym for " mainstream media ". Mainstream media are distinguished from alternative media by their content and point of view. Alternative media are also "mass media" outlets in the sense that they use technology capable of reaching many people, even if the audience is often smaller than the mainstream. In common usage, the term "mass" denotes not that a given number of individuals receives the products, but rather that the products are available in principle to a plurality of recipients. Local and speciality mass media are distinguished from local media by the notion that whilst mass media aims to reach a very large market, such as the entire population of a country, night local media broadcasts to a much smaller population and area, and generally focuses.
In addition, the telephone has transformed into a cell phone which is equipped with Internet access. A question arises whether this makes cell phones a mass medium or simply a device used to access a mass medium (the Internet). There is currently a system by which marketers and advertisers are able to tap into satellites, and broadcast commercials and advertisements directly to cell phones, unsolicited by the phone's user. Citation needed This transmission of mass advertising to millions of people is another form of mass communication. Video games may also be evolving into a mass medium. Video games (for example massively multiplayer online role-playing games (mmorpgs such as RuneScape ) provide a common gaming experience to millions of users across the globe and convey the same messages and ideologies to all their users. Users sometimes share report the experience with one another by playing online.
in the late 20th and early 21st centuries made prominent the question: what forms of media should be classified as "mass media"? For example, it is controversial whether to include cell phones, computer games (such as mmorpgs and video games in the definition. In the 2000s, a classification called the " seven mass media " became popular. Citation needed In order of introduction, they are: Print ( books, pamphlets, newspapers, magazines, etc.) from the late 15th century recordings ( gramophone records, magnetic tapes, cassettes, cartridges, cds, and dvds ) from the late 19th century cinema from about 1900 Radio from about 1910. For example, the Internet includes blogs, podcasts, web sites, and various other technologies built atop the general distribution network. The sixth and seventh media, internet and mobile phones, are often referred to collectively as digital media ; and the fourth and fifth, radio and tv, as broadcast media. Some argue that video games have developed into a distinct mass form of media. 6 While a telephone is a two-way communication device, mass media communicates to a large group.
Many other mass media outlets have an additional presence on the web, by such means as linking to or running tv ads online, or distributing. Qr codes in outdoor or print media to direct mobile users to a website. In this way, they can utilise the easy accessibility and outreach capabilities the Internet affords, as thereby easily broadcast information throughout many different regions of the world simultaneously and cost-efficiently. Outdoor media transmit information via such media. Ar advertising ; billboards ; blimps ; flying billboards (signs in tow of airplanes placards or kiosks placed inside and outside buses, commercial buildings, shops, sports database stadiums, subway cars, or trains; signs; or skywriting. 1, print media transmit information via physical objects, such as books, comics, magazines, newspapers, or pamphlets. 2 event organizing and public speaking can also be considered forms of mass media. 3 The organizations that control these technologies, such as movie studios, publishing companies, and radio and television stations, are also known as the mass media.
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"Mass Media" redirects here. For the video game company, see. The mass media is a biography diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication. The technologies through which this communication takes place include a variety of outlets. Broadcast media transmit information electronically, via such media as film, radio, recorded music, or television. Digital media comprises both, internet and mobile mass communication. Internet media comprise such services as email, social media sites, websites, and Internet-based radio and television.