49 beiderbecke left the wolverines in October 1924 50 to join jean Goldkette's orchestra in Detroit, but the engagement did not last long. Goldkette recorded for the victor Talking Machine company, whose musical director, Eddie king, objected to beiderbecke's hot-jazz style of soloing; it wasn't copacetic with the commercial obligations that came with the band's recording contract. King also was frustrated by the cornetist's inability to deftly sight read. 51 After a few weeks, beiderbecke and Goldkette agreed to part company, but Bix soon arranged a recording session back in Richmond with some of the band members. On January 26, 1925, bix and His Rhythm Jugglers set two tunes to wax: "Toddlin' Blues another number by larocca and Shields, and beiderbecke's own composition, " davenport Blues ". Beiderbecke biographer lion has indicated that the second number was marred by the alcohol consumed by the musicians. 52 It became a classic jazz number nonetheless and in subsequent years, "davenport Blues" was recorded by musicians ranging from Bunny berigan to ry cooder and geoff Muldaur. 53 The following month, beiderbecke enrolled at the University of Iowa in Iowa city.
Louis, armstrong - trumpet Player, singer, biography
42 beiderbecke's style was very different from that of louis Armstrong, according to The Oxford Companion to jazz : Where Armstrong's playing was bravura, regularly optimistic, and openly emotional, beiderbecke's conveyed a range of intellectual alternatives. Where Armstrong, at the head of an ensemble, played it hard, straight, and true, beiderbecke, like a shadowboxer, invented his own way of phrasing "around the lead." Where Armstrong's superior strength delighted in the sheer power of what a cornet could produce, beiderbecke's cool approach. 43 Where Armstrong emphasized showmanship and virtuosity, beiderbecke emphasized melody, even when improvising, and—different from Armstrong and contrary to how the bix beiderbecke of legend would be portrayed—he rarely strayed into the upper reaches of the register. 44 paul Mares of the new Orleans Rhythm Kings insisted that beiderbecke's chief influence was the new Orleans cornetist Emmett Hardy, who died in 1925 at the age. 45 Indeed, beiderbecke had met Hardy and the clarinetist leon Roppolo in davenport in 1921 when the two joined a local band and played in town for three months. Beiderbecke apparently spent time with them, but it is difficult to discern the degree to which Hardy's style influenced beiderbecke's—especially since there is no publicly-known recording of a hardy performance. 46 In some respects, beiderbecke's playing was sui generis, 47 but he nevertheless listened to, and learned from, the music around him: from the dixieland jazz of Armstrong and joe "King" Oliver; to the more standard jazz of the Original Dixieland jazz band and the. 48 soon, he was listening to hoagy carmichael, too. A law student and aspiring pianist and songwriter, carmichael invited the wolverines to Bloomington, Indiana, late in April 1924. Beiderbecke had met Carmichael a couple of times before and the two became friends. On may 6, 1924, the wolverines recorded a tune carmichael had written especially for beiderbecke and his colleagues: " riverboat Shuffle ".human
Evans: Both qualities—complementary or "correlated" phrasing and cultivation of first the vocal, "singing" middle-range of the cornet—are on display in Bix's "jazz me blues" solo, along with an already discernible inclination for unusual accidentals and inner chordal voices. It is a pioneer record, introducing a musician of great originality with a pace-setting band. And it astonished even the wolverines themselves. 40 The wolverines recorded 15 sides for Gennett Records between February and October 1924. The titles revealed a strong and well-formed cornet talent. His lip had strengthened from earlier, more tentative years; on nine of the wolverines' recorded titles he proceeds commandingly from lead to opening solo without any need for a respite from playing. 41 beiderbecke made his first recordings 21 months before Armstrong recorded for okeh as a leader of his Hot five.
He gigged around Chicago until the fall of 1923, at times returning to davenport to work for his father. 29 Wolverines edit The wolverines with beiderbecke at doyle's Academy of Music in Cincinnati, ohio, in 1924 beiderbecke joined the wolverine Orchestra late in 1923, and the seven-man group lined first played a speakeasy called the Stockton Club near Hamilton, Ohio. Specializing in hot jazz and recoiling from so-called sweet music, the band took its name from one of its most frequent numbers, jelly roll Morton 's "Wolverine Blues." 37 During this time, beiderbecke also took piano lessons from a young woman who introduced him. Lane's piano suites and orchestral arrangements were self-consciously American whilst also having French Impressionist allusions, and the works are said to have deeply influenced beiderbecke's style, especially on " In a mist." 37 A subsequent gig at doyle's Dance Academy in Cincinnati became the occasion. 38 On February 18, 1924, the wolverines first recorded at Gennett Records in Richmond, thesis Indiana. 39 The two sides made that day were "Fidgety feet written by nick larocca and Larry Shields from the Original Dixieland jazz band, and "jazz me blues written by tom Delaney. Beiderbecke's solo on the latter heralded something new and significant in jazz, according to biographers Richard. Sudhalter and Philip.
In pursuit of the former, beiderbecke often visited Chicago to listen to jazz bands at night clubs and speakeasies, including the infamous Friar's Inn, where he sometimes sat in with the new Orleans Rhythm Kings. 32 he also traveled to the predominantly African-American south Side to listen to classic black jazz bands such as King Oliver 's Creole jazz band, which featured louis Armstrong on second cornet. "Don't think i'm getting hard, burnie he wrote to his brother, "but I'd go to hell to hear a good band." 33 On campus, he helped organize the cy-bix Orchestra with drummer Walter "Cy" Welge 29 and almost immediately got into trouble with the lake. Beiderbecke often failed to return to his dormitory before curfew, and sometimes stayed off-campus the next day. In the early morning hours of may 20, he was caught on the fire escape to his dormitory, attempting to climb back into his room. The faculty voted to expel him the next day, 34 due both to his academic failings and his extracurricular activities, which included drinking. The headmaster informed beiderbecke's parents by letter that following his expulsion school officials confirmed that beiderbecke "was drinking himself and was responsible, in part at least, in having liquor brought into the School." 35 soon after, beiderbecke began pursuing a career in music. 36 he returned to davenport briefly in the summer of 1922, then moved to Chicago to join the cascades Band, working that summer on lake michigan excursion boats.
Biography, louis satchmo armstrong (bio 268)
In an audition before a union executive, beiderbecke was forced to sight read and failed. He did not earn his card. 23 On April 22, 1921, a month after he turned boston 18, beiderbecke was arrested by two davenport police officers on a charge brought by the father of a young girl. According to biographer jean pierre lion, "Bix was accused of having taken this man's five-year-old daughter into a garage and committing on her an act qualified by the police report as 'lewd and lascivious. 24 Although beiderbecke was briefly taken into custody and held on a 1,500 bond, the charge was dropped after the girl was not made available to testify. According to a statement submitted by her father, Preston ivens, to the Grand Jury, this was because "of the child's age and the harm that would result to her in going over this case." It is not clear from the father's testimony if the girl.
25 Earlier biographies ignored this incident in beiderbecke's life. Historic documentation concerning the arrest and charge - including two police blotter entries and Preston ivens' statement to the Grand Jury - was first published in 2001 by Professor Albert haim on the bixography website. Lion's 2005 biography also detailed the incident 27, but questioned the seriousness of the charge; nonetheless the author speculated that the arrest might have led beiderbecke to "feel abandoned and ashamed: he saw himself as suspect of perversion." 25 28 beiderbecke's parents enrolled him. 29 While historians have traditionally suggested that his parents sent him to lake forest to discourage his interest in jazz, 30 others have begun to doubt this version of events, believing that he may have been sent away in response to his arrest. Beiderbecke apparently felt that a boarding school would provide their son with both the faculty attention and discipline required to improve his academic performance 31, necessitated by the fact that Bix had failed most courses at High School, remaining a junior in 1921 despite turning. His interests, however, remained limited to music and sports.
15 His sister recalls that he stood on the floor and played it with his hands over his head. Five years later, he was the subject of an admiring article in the davenport daily democrat that proclaimed, "seven-year-old boy musical wonder! Little bickie beiderbecke plays any selection he hears." 16 Burnie recalled that he stopped coming home for supper to hurry to the riverfront, slip aboard an excursion boat, and play the calliope. A friend remembered that beiderbecke showed little interest in the saturday matinees they attended, but as soon as the lights came on he rushed home to duplicate the melodies the accompanist had played. 17 When Burnie returned to davenport at the end of 1918 after serving stateside during World War i, he brought with him a victrola phonograph and several records, including " Tiger Rag " and "Skeleton Jangle" by the Original Dixieland jazz band. 18 From these records, beiderbecke learned to love hot jazz; he taught himself to play cornet by listening to nick larocca 's horn lines.
He also listened to jazz from the riverboats that docked in downtown davenport. Louis Armstrong and the drummer Baby dodds claimed to have met beiderbecke when their excursion boat stopped in davenport. 19 Historians disagree over whether such an event occurred. 20 beiderbecke attended davenport High School from 1918 to 1921. During this time, he sat in and played professionally with various bands, including those of Wilbur Hatch, floyd bean, and Carlisle evans. 21 In the spring of 1920 he performed for the school's vaudeville night, singing in a vocal quintet called the Black jazz babies and playing his cornet. 22 At the invitation of his friend Fritz putzier, he subsequently joined neal Buckley's novelty Orchestra. The group was hired for a gig in December 1920, but a complaint was lodged with the American Federation of Musicians, local 67, that the boys did not have union cards.
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In a letter to his mother when he was nine years old, beiderbecke signed off, "frome your leon Bix beiderbecke not Bismark remeber sic ". 12 The son of German immigrants, beiderbecke's plan father was a well-to-do coal and lumber merchant named after the Iron Chancellor of his native germany. Beiderbecke's mother was the daughter of a mississippi riverboat captain. She played the organ at davenport's First Presbyterian Church 13 and encouraged young beiderbecke's interest in the piano. 14 beiderbecke was the youngest of three children. His brother, burnie, was born in 1895, and his sister, mary louise, in 1898. He began playing piano at age two or three.
Beiderbecke remains the subject of scholarly controversy regarding his true name, the cause of his death, and the importance of his contributions to jazz. Contents Early life edit beiderbecke, age 8, poses with a neighbor, nora lasher, in 1911. 8 The son of Bismark herman and Agatha jane hilton, beiderbecke was born on March 10, 1903, in davenport, iowa. There is disagreement over whether beiderbecke was christened leon Bix or leon Bismark and nicknamed "Bix". His father was nicknamed "Bix as was his older brother, Charles Burnette "Burnie" beiderbecke. Burnie beiderbecke claimed that the boy was named leon Bix 9 kahlo and biographers have reproduced birth certificates that agree. 10 More recent research — which takes into account church and school records in addition to the will of a relative — suggests he was named leon Bismark. 11 Regardless, his parents called him Bix, which seems to have been his preference.
his Orchestra. Beiderbecke's most influential recordings date from his time with Goldkette and Whiteman, although he also recorded under his own name and that of Trumbauer's. The Whiteman period marked a precipitous decline in his health due to his increasing reliance on alcohol, exacerbated by the demands of recording and touring. Treatment for alcoholism in rehabilitation centers, with the support of Whiteman and the beiderbecke family, failed to stop his decline. He left the Whiteman band in 1929 and in the summer of 1931 he died in his queens, new York apartment at the age. 2 His death, in turn, gave rise to one of the original legends of jazz. 3 In magazine articles, 4 musicians' memoirs, 5 novels, 6 and Hollywood films, 7 beiderbecke has been envisaged as a romantic hero, the " young Man with a horn ". His life has been portrayed as a battle against such common obstacles as art. Commercialism, with his death being seen as a martyrdom for the sake of art.
Davenport, iowa, beiderbecke taught himself to play the cornet largely by ear, leading him to adopt a non-standard fingering technique that informed his unique tone. He first recorded with Midwestern jazz ensemble. The wolverines 1 in 1924, after which he played briefly for the detroit-based. Jean Goldkette, orchestra before joining, frankie "Tram" Trumbauer for an extended engagement at the Arcadia ballroom. Louis, also under the auspices of Goldkette's organisation. Beiderbecke and Trumbauer joined Goldkette's main band fuller at the Graystone ballroom in Detroit in 1926. The band toured widely and famously played a set opposite. Fletcher Henderson at the, roseland Ballroom in New York city in October 1926.
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For other uses, see. For the asteroid named in Bix beiderbecke's honor, see 23457 beiderbecke. Leon Bismark bix beiderbecke (March 10, 1903 august 6, 1931) was an American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer. Beiderbecke was one of the most influential white jazz soloists of the 1920s. His solos on "Singin' the Blues" and "I'm Coming, virginia" (both 1927) demonstrate purity of tone and a gift for improvisation. With parts these two recordings, as well as others, he helped to define the jazz ballad and foresaw what would become cool jazz in the 1950s. in a mist " (1927 one of a handful of his piano compositions and the only one he recorded, fused jazz with classical (mainly Impressionist) influences.