Derivation and etymology of the word Essay. The word essay comes from the French verb essayer, which means to try, and this fits the concept of an essay being written to try and persuade people to a particular point of viewan essay being written to try and show what people have learned. Essay (v.) to put to proof, test the mettle of, late 15c., from Middle French essaier, from essai trial, attempt (see essay (n.). This sense has mostly gone with the divergent spelling assay. Meaning to attempt is from 1640s. Essay (n.) 1590s, trial, attempt, endeavor, also short, discursive literary composition (first attested in writings of Francis Bacon, probably in imitation of Montaigne from Middle French essai trial, attempt, essay (in Old French from 12c. from Late latin exagium a weighing, a weight, from Latin exigere drive out; require, exact; examine, try, test, from ex out (see ex-) agere to set in motion, drive (from pie root *ag- to drive, draw out or forth, move) apparently meaning here to weigh.
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Huxleys Definition of an Essay, aldous Huxley was the person who came up with the above three essay categories, and their definitions. He also went on to say that: the essay is a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything. To huxley, an essay was a short work, and it was this brevity which allowed the information they contained to be appreciated more easily. The very best essays were the ones which managed to catch a perfect balance between all three essay categories. First Use of the word Essay. The word essay was first used (or was first recorded as being used) by the writer. Montaigne in the sixteenth century, as he claimed that his work was an attempt or a try at putting his thoughts into words. He claimed to have been inspired by Plutarch, to model his works in that fashion. Montaigne, in keeping with his status as possibly the first person to use the word essay to describe his method of writing, wrote short works of prose on various topics. These works of prose used highly stylised wording and rhetoric in order to try and persuade the people reading them to his point of view. Rather true to huxleys view of what an essay should be, montaigne was someone who switched between a personal versus an impersonal style in his essays, depending on how he wanted to approach the topic.
Three definitions of an Essay. There are three particular definitions of an essay within the formal. Personalautobiographical these essays are ones which focus on personal memories and stories. The essays written in this style see the world purely through that lens. Objectivefactual, essays written from this perspective are not personal, but instead have an outside theme. These essays usually tackle subjects which are scientific or political essay in nature, and are used to clearly lay out and judge the arguments. Abstract these essays are never personal, but instead work from a place of complete possibility. Potential experiences are never used as evidence.
These types of essays are primarily narrative in nature, though they can also be cause and effect. The rise of non-literary essays are normally seen as being informal in nature. Where are Essays Used? Essays are primarily found in educational institutions, as has been discussed above. The strict adherence to structure helps students to learn how to write properly, while the subject of the essays allows them to show their research, and also show their understanding of the material. Essays turn up in scientific subjects, but they are primarily used in social studies and humanities, particularly in exams and tests, to show what has been learned. Outside of educational settings, essays are most often found in publishing. Many people over the years have used the essay format as a way of conveying their ideas, from philosophers (the essay is a particularly good medium for reviews philosophy) to people writing about gender identity in the modern age. Essays are used by people writing in prose because they are usually quite short (though there are sometimes exceptions and there is a clearly defined format to work with.
An essay can show off good writing skills, because of its fairly strict structure, and it can also be used to show the research which a student has done. Content of this article, formal. Informal, essays can be divided into two main categories, formal and informal. Formal essays are longer in length, have a stricter organisational structure which leads the reader through a series of arguments, and generally have a more serious purpose in being written. These essays are normally argumentative or compare and contrast essays, and can sometimes also be descriptive. Informal essays, on the other hand, are distinguished by being shorter in length, and adhering less strictly to the overall structure of an essay (although they do have to make some logical sense). Informal essays are also more personal in nature, to the point of being able to contain humour.
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What can you do to make your marriage divorce-proof? Answer: your question often can be the title of your paper, or it can be the last line of the introduction. Your answer to this question is your thesis. Example: The most important way to make your marriage divorce-proof is to make sure you have carefully prepared for that commitment. Refute Objections: you might want to put an introductory phrase in the first part of your thesis to show that you are refuting other ideas about the answer.
Example: While some people think there is no way to divorce-proof your marriage, studies have shown that there are fewer divorces when people carefully prepare for that commitment. Roadmap : An additional way to make a strong thesis is to do a "Roadmap" which tells in just a few words the three or more main points you will cover. Example: While some people think there is no way to divorce-proof your marriage, studies have shown that there are fewer divorces when people carefully prepare for that commitment by taking time to get to know the other person before becoming engaged, spending time with one. An essay is something which is normally defined as a piece of work written in prose (though there are some exceptions with a dedicated structure, including an introduction, a conclusion, and (at their most basic) three to five body paragraphs. Essays themselves can be divided into three subcategories personal, objective, and abstract though there are many different subcategories. Because the structure of an essay is useful in laying out clearly what any particular individual has urban learned, educational systems have taken essays on as a major part of their system.
This conjures up the specter of predominantly male, predominantly affluent legislators telling poor women they must bear and raise alone children they cannot afford to bring up; forcing teenagers to bear children they are not emotionally prepared to deal with; saying to women who wish. Legislative prohibitions on abortion arouse the suspicion that their real intent is to control the independence and sexuality of women. And yet, by consensus, all of us think it proper that there be prohibitions against, and penalties exacted for, murder. It would be a flimsy defense if the murderer pleads that this is just between him and his victim and none of the government's business. If killing a fetus is truly killing a human being, is it not the duty of the state to prevent it?
Indeed, one of the chief functions of government is to protect the weak from the strong. If we do not oppose abortion at some stage of pregnancy, is there not a danger of dismissing an entire category of human beings as unworthy of our protection and respect? And isn't that dismissal the hallmark of sexism, racism, nationalism, and religious fanaticism? Shouldn't those dedicated to fighting such injustices be scrupulously careful not to embrace another? Continue on to part 2, best Baby Products an error occurred while processing this directive. Question/Answer format: to make your topic idea into a thesis you need to turn the topic idea into a question first. Examples: does divorce cause serious problems for the children? What is "domestic violence?" (definition what are the causes of divorce? How important is it for couples to avoid divorce?
Abortion, as The lesser evil
It's hard to maintain that a transformation summary to full personhood happens abruptly at reviews the moment of birth. Why, then, should it be murder to kill an infant the day after it was born but not the day before? As a practical matter, this isn't very important: Less than 1 percent of all tabulated abortions in the United States are listed in the last three months of pregnancy (and, on closer investigation, most such reports turn out to be due to miscarriage or miscalculation). But third-trimester abortions provide a test of the limits of the pro-choice point of view. Does a woman's "innate right to control her own body" encompass the right to kill a near-term fetus who is, for all intents and purposes, identical to a newborn child? We believe that many supporters of reproductive freedom are troubled at least occasionally by this question. But they are reluctant to raise it because it is the beginning of a slippery slope. If it is impermissible to abort a pregnancy in the ninth month, what about the eighth, seventh, sixth? Once we acknowledge that the state can interfere at any time in the pregnancy, doesn't it follow that the state can interfere at all times?
Both names-pro-choice and pro-life-were picked with an eye toward influencing those whose minds are not yet made up: Few people wish to be counted either as being against freedom of choice or as opposed to life. Indeed, freedom and life are two of our most cherished values, and here they seem to be in fundamental conflict. Let's consider these two absolutist positions in turn. A newborn baby is surely the sheet same being it was just before birth. There 's good evidence that a late-term fetus responds to sound-including music, but especially its mother's voice. It can suck its thumb or do a somersault. Occasionally, it generates adult brain-wave patterns. Some people claim to remember being born, or even the uterine environment. Perhaps there is thought in the womb.
contemplative moments, nearly everyone recognizes that the issue is not wholly one-sided. Many partisans of differing views, we find, feel some disquiet, some unease when confronting what's behind the opposing arguments. (This is partly why such confrontations are avoided.) And the issue surely touches on deep questions: What are our responses to one another? Should we permit the state to intrude into the most intimate and personal aspects of our lives? Where are the boundaries of freedom? What does it mean to be human? Of the many actual points of view, it is widely held-especially in the media, which rarely have the time or the inclination to make fine distinctions-that there are only two: "pro-choice" and "pro-life." This is what the two principal warring camps like to call themselves. In the simplest characterization, a pro-choicer would hold that the decision to abort a pregnancy is to be made only by the woman; the state has no right to interfere. And a pro-lifer would hold that, from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive; that this life imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it; and that abortion is tantamount to murder.
The contending factions call on science to bolster their positions. Families are divided, husbands and wives agree not to discuss it, old friends are no longer speaking. Politicians check the latest polls to discover the dictates of their consciences. Amid all the shouting, it is hard for the adversaries to hear one another. Is it wrong to abort a pregnancy? How do we decide? We wrote this article to understand better what the contending views are and to see if we ourselves could find a position that would satisfy us both. Is there no middle ground? We had to weigh the arguments of both sides for consistency and to pose test cases, some of which are purely hypothetical.
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The abortion debate - carl Sagan an error occurred while processing this directive excerpts from or, the question of Abortion: a search for legs Answers by, carl Sagan and Ann Druyan, for the complete text, including illustrations, introductory", footnotes, and commentary on the reaction. The issue had been decided years ago. The court had chosen the middle ground. You'd think the fight was over. Instead, there are mass rallies, bombings and intimidation, murders of workers at abortion clinics, arrests, intense lobbying, legislative drama, congressional hearings, supreme court decisions, major political parties almost defining themselves on the issue, and clerics threatening politicians with perdition. Partisans fling accusations of hypocrisy and murder. The intent of the constitution and the will of God are equally invoked. Doubtful arguments are trotted out as certitudes.