Archived from the original on Retrieved march on the sydenham Police Station: Press Release memorandum, abahlali baseMjondolo, 2007 ficksburg killing sparks riot, deon de lange, pretoria news, 87 Arrested during protests in Sasolburg, money web, protest Sparked by attempt to cut Illegal Electricity connections, nombulelo. Sacsis., richard Pithouse the revolt of south Africas untouchables, pedro Alexis Tabensky, pambazuka, march 2011 give anc a sign - but without boycott, fred Khumalo, sunday times, march 2011 The self-limiting politics of the sa people, mandy de waal, The daily maverick, enkanini: therell. The Flames of Phaphamani, by pedro Alexis Tabensky, libCom Profile of a town on fire, kwanele sosibo, mail guardian, march 2011 worries emerge over freedom of expression in south Africa, jane duncan, 2010 Activists decry talk of 'third force' at Marikana, by niren Tolsi, mail. The cold murder fields of Marikana, greg Marinovich, The daily maverick engage citizens to stem rise in violent protests, karene heese kevin Allen, business day, revolutions dreams betrayed, malaika wa azania, sunday independent, our councillors are vulnerable - anc, dominic Mahlangu, the times, external links. Eft charges 0 of the donation. Preferred payment Method, silibona educational trust, bANK: first national bank, acc type: Business Cheque. Acc number:, branch: Vineyard road, branch code:, paypal charges.9 of the donation.
Bike clubs in gauteng - motorcycle Clubs and News
The new York times. Retrieved The farm Workers' Strike: It's Far From over, anna majavu, sacsis, 15 november 2012 zumaMustFall campaign to hold National day of Action". "High spirits in Pretoria as protesters prepare for anti-zuma march". Retrieved "Protest action planned on Zuma's 75th birthday". Retrieved "What does south Africa's Jacob Zuma really want for His Birthday?". "Anti-zuma protests in south Africa as economic woes mount - kdrtv". Retrieved "Thousands protest in south Africa against President zouma". "Opposition parties take their call to Union buildings". "Malema warned his marchers to behave". Retrieved The broken vows and blocked life roads of kya sands, by Greg Nicholson, The daily maverick, expect more flash-points - half of SAs metro residents are still not satisfied with service delivery a year later, tns research, flood of water protests, The times, schalk mouton.
We may never know., by mande de waal, The daily maverick, eath by a thousand pinpricks - south Africas ever-vanishing right to protest, jane duncan and Andrea royeppen, The daily maverick, rrismith police killing follow-up, freedom of Expression Institute, 2004 a collection of newspaper articles. "Sutcliffe continues His War on the poor". Retrieved permanent dead link the Flames of Phaphamani, by pedro Alexis Tabensky, libCom bullets fly as township erupts Archived t the wayback machine., Thabo jijana, grocott's mail, 10 February 2011 "Protests gender in Zandspruit". police fire rubber bullets in Zandspruit, jacob Moshokoa, eye witness News, April 2011 south Africa rocked by footage of protester's death, monsters critics, b saps, sabc under fire after Ficksburg killing, the times, ficksburg protesters torch buildings, by miranda Andrew, mail guardian, ll torched. Simelane, the daily maverick, ck dwellers take the fight to ethekwini and the anc takes note, khadija patel, daily maverick, 16 September 2013 bonfires of discontent, in horrifying numbers, alex eliseev, the daily maverick, 2014 langa residents take to streets, 20 people arrested in protests. "Protests flare up in Zandspruit". Retrieved "saha - south African History Archive - electricity energy". Retrieved b Lydia polgreen. "Mine Strike mayhem Stuns south Africa as Police Open Fire".
"An Urgent Update on father's Abm-wc protest". "Cop fires on Cape Argus team". "Mandela park plan backyarders to march peacefully on housing mec at 9am this morning". Archived from the original on "Hundreds protested yesterday in Mandela park after assault by Chippa security guards. a b "94 arrested for protest thefts at supermarkets". a b c Ermelo residents see no reason to vote, diane hawker, Independent Online, 2010 five lessons from Themb'elihle, phillip de wet, The daily maverick the 'gatvol' factor, jane duncan, 2011 delivery protests National problem requires local, tailor-made solutions, udesh Pillay, business day, massive rebellion. A partly-forgotten Left Critique of anc strategy and Its Contemporary Implications, by Steven Friedman, journal of Asian african Studies, february 2012 doi :.1177/ a b Cosatu finds a way through the tricky political minefield, carol Paton, business day, outh Africans march in mass protest.
Ndebele, city Press, b Media underplaying police, state brutality, jane duncan, sunday independent, b sahrc: people need access to land and housing, koketso moetsi, the daily maverick, 24 november 2015 deep read: 'born free' voters may not choose anc, jon herskovitz, mail guardian, crime stats. Protest in the new south Africa". social movement Struggles for Land and housing in Post-Apartheid south Africa, by toussaint Losier, left Turn Magazine, 2010 a b Are fiery street protests replacing the vote?, karen heese and kevin Allan, business day municipal Hotspots Monitor research as reported in the city Press. "Mangaung anc 'link' to new wave of protests". Steep increase in service protests, by setumo stone, business day, athandiwe saba and jeanne van der Merwe, news 24 a b c Rebellion of the poor: south Africas service delivery protests a preliminary analysis, peter Alexander, Amandla magazine, 2010 a b Rebellions of the poor. Retrieved The Uprising, dylan Valley interviewed by sean Jacobs making sense of municipal revolts, by mandisi majavu, foundation for Contemporary research, 2011 jobless youth a ticking time bomb for sa, vavi warns, sam mkokeli, business day, 2011/06/07 Unemployment in south Africa: feel It, the ticking. "Protest violence: cops blamed".
The Era of the jackrollers: Contextualising the rise
Four people were killed by the police during protests between 20, two in 2006, one in 2008, two in 2009, three in 2010 and eleven in 2011. 164 There have also been hot constant allegations of non-fatal police brutality against protestors. It has been argued that people organizing independently of the ruling African National Congress are more likely to face state repression. 10 169 The worst incidence of police violence in post-apartheid south Africa was the marikana massacre in August 2012 in which 34 striking miners were killed and 78 were injured. One pistol was recovered from the strikers after the massacre. 170 violence from protesters edit violence on the part of protesters, including attacks on ward councilors and their homes, has been escalating.
171 172 In two years nine houses belonging to ward councillors in gauteng were burnt down. 173 see also edit further reading edit we are the Third Force, by s'bu zikode, 2005 National Trends Around Protest Action by the Freedom of Expression Institute Amandla! Protest in the new south Africa, simon Delaney, freedom of Expression Institute, may 2007 In Service of the people's Democracy: An assessment of the south African Police service, by david Bruce with Gareth Newham themba masuku, centre for the Study of violence and Reconciliation, 2007. Phumelela and Khutsong: Protest and conflict in two municipalities, centre for development Enterprise, 2007 Burning message to the state in the fire of poors rebellion, richard Pithouse, business day, 2009/07/23 The Elite and Community Protests in south Africa, shawn Hattingh, people are demanding public service. McKinley, sacsis, 2011 Local government Elections: The will of the people?, by jane duncan, sacsis, 2011 Police brutality and service delivery protests, by Mphutlane wa bofelo, pambazuka news, issent Under Jacob Zuma, jane duncan, may 2011 Dissent Under Thabo Mbeki permanent dead link, jane duncan.
(The name was later used by eskom for a campaign against "electricity theft 103 The no land! Campaign is a popular nationwide protest movement of the poor people's Alliance boycotting electoral politics. The Abahlali baseMjondolo campaign against the Slums Act The right2Know Campaign is an umbrella organisation tackling secrecy legislation, as well as denials of access to information, and access to process The cosatu led campaign against labour brokering and electronic road tolls in gauteng marikana miner. 106 The zuma must Fall campaign, whose organisers included members of the da, eff, 107 African people's Convention and United Democratic movement planned further demonstrations in the days leading up to zuma's birthday. 108 50,000 south Africans, many of whom were black, expressed their anger at corruption within the anc government, unfair trade deals by the government that favoured the powerful Gupta family, and economic problems that had resulted in the downgrading of south Africa's credit rating. More demonstrations occurred from April 12 onwards, 112 with Julius Malema addressing the crowd in Pretoria before they marched on the Union buildings.
113 reasons for protests edit research has consistently shown urban land and housing to be the most common reasons for protest. 12 However, there are multiple reasons for protest including: Unequal and segregated distribution of land in both rural and urban areas The demand for housing 30 114 poor service delivery 115 (especially with regard to water 116 and sanitation 117 ) government corruption (especially. Road blockades, 143 land occupations, the mass appropriation of food and vote strikes are also common tactics. Popular protests and elections edit In areas with high rates of popular protests residents tend to boycott elections, to support independent candidates or to support parties other than the anc. 150 Misuse of the criminal justice system to intimidate grassroots activists edit It has been argued that the criminal justice system has been misused to intimidate grassroots activists. 151 violence edit violence from the state edit a number of people have been killed by the police in these protests over the years including Andries Tatane. The number of deaths of protestors after apartheid is currently standing at fifty four.
History of the sacp
South Africa can reasonably be described as the protest capital of the world." 52 A number of community organisations and movements have emerged from this wave of protests, 53 54 some of which organise outside party politics. 55 However, in most cases this wave of protest has not led to sustained organisation. 56 Protest by trade unions edit The national trade union federation, cosatu, has also golf organised a number of large protests, most notably against labour broking and highway tolls. 57 58 Protest by workers organised outside trade unions edit The 2012 Marikana miner strike, organised outside the ruling tripartite alliance, resulted in 34 strikers being killed by the police with 78 being wounded on 59 Curtailment of the right to protest edit It has. 60 Notable protests salon edit The harrismith protests in The kennedy road road blockade on 64 The Khutsong protests 2007 The N2 Gateway occupations where over 1,000 families occupied unfinished state built houses to protest unfair and corrupt allocation of houses during 20 65 The february. City manager mike sutcliffe tried to ban the shackdwellers from occupying the cbd 70 71 The protests in Ermelo, 48 Grahamstown, zandspruit 75 76 Ficksburg, makhaza in Khayelitsha, 80 the samora machel squatter camp in Mitchell's Plain, cape town, Shaka's Kraal in KwaZulu-natal,. Protests in the siyahlala shack settlement in Gugulethu, cape town, 85 the zakheleni 86 and Puntan's Hill shack settlements in Durban, 87 as well as Marrianridge, also in Durban, 88 Oliphantshoek in the northern Cape 89 and Port Elizabeth 90 in 20 Marikana miner strike.
A number of poor people's movements have insisted that their protests should not be referred to as essay "service delivery protests". 35 37 But others have termed the rapidly increasing wave of protests since 2004 as a "rebellion of the poor" 25 26 or a series of "municipal revolts". 38 Zwelinzima vavi, cosatu secretary general, has described the increasing rate of popular protests as a "ring of fire" closing in on major cities that could result in a tunisia -style revolution. 39 40 Some of the most notable protests during this period occurred in Harrismith, kennedy road, durban, diepsloot, balfour, thokoza, 41 42 Khutsong, 34 Macassar Village, lansdowne road 43 44 and Mandela park 45 46 in Khayelitsha, kwazakhele, downtown Durban, 47 Masiphumelele, ermelo, 48 Grahamstown. 49 Protests continue and some analysts take the view that protests are becoming increasingly radical. 50 Some commentators have concluded that "a large majority of south Africans feel that conventional mechanisms of engaging the state are failing, and that alternatives may be more effective". 51 According to Professor Peter Alexander: "As many commentators and activists now accept, service delivery protests are part of a broader Rebellion of the poor. This rebellion is massive. I have not yet found any other country where there is a similar level of ongoing urban unrest.
20even higher in 2010. 19 The number of protests reached an all-time high in 2010/2011 2 and then a further all time post-apartheid peak in July 2012 20 with more protests occurring in the western Cape than in any other province 21 and just under half of all protests. 22 In early 2013 it was reported that popular protest had reached its highest rate since the end of apartheid in 2012. 23 In early 2013 it was argued that there have been as many as 3,000 protests in the last four years. 24 Rebellion of the poor/Municipal revolts/Ring of Fire edit There has been a major wave of popular protests since 2004. 25 26 Just under 40 of all protests take place in shack settlements. 18 There has been a significant degree of repression of popular protests. These protests are usually referred to as service delivery protests in the media but although there is evidence of growing unhappiness with service delivery 30 most analysts argue that this description is overly narrow and misleading.
10, the most common reasons for protests are grievances around urban land and housing. 12, it has been reported that "Nearly 75 of south Africans aged 20-29 did not vote in the 2011 local government elections" and that "South Africans in that age group were more likely to have legs taken part in violent street protests against the local anc. In September 2013 the police reported that they had "made more than 14,000 arrests at protests in the past four years". 14, according to, the times "Informal settlements have been at the forefront of service delivery protests as residents demand houses and basic services". 15, contents, escalation of popular protests edit, during the 2004/05 financial year about 6,000 protests were officially recorded, an unknown number of protests went unrecorded, and about 1,000 protests were illegally banned. This meant that at least 15 protests were taking place each day in south Africa at this time. However the number of protests has escalated dramatically since then and.
Protests in south Africa, wikipedia
South Africa has been dubbed "the protest capital of the world 1 with one of the highest rates of public protests in the world. 2, it is often argued that the rate of protests has been escalating since 2004, 2, however, steven Friedman argues that the current wave of protests stretches back to the 1970s. 3, the rate of protests "rose dramatically in the first eight months of 2012" 4 and it was reported that there 540 protests in the province. Gauteng between 1 April and 5, in February 2014 it was reported that there had been "nearly 3,000 protest actions in the last 90 days more than 30 a day involving more than a million people". 6 7, since 2008 more than 2 million people biography have taken to the streets in protest every year. 8, njabulo Ndebele argues that "Widespread 'service delivery protests' may soon take on an organisational character that will start off as discrete formations and then coalesce into a full-blown movement". 9, there has been considerable repression of popular protests.