In 1886 sayyid organized the All-India muhammadan Educational Conference, which met annually at different places to promote education and to provide the muslims with a common platform. Until the founding of the muslim league in 1906, it was the principal national centre of Indian Islām. Sayyid advised the muslims against joining active politics and to concentrate instead on education. Later, when some muslims joined the Indian National Congress, he came out strongly against that organization and its objectives, which included the establishment of parliamentary democracy in India. He argued that, in a country where communal divisions were all-important and education and political organization were confined to a few classes, parliamentary democracy would work only inequitably. Muslims, generally, followed his advice and abstained from politics until several years later when they had established their own political organization.
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A more ambitious undertaking was the foundation of the Scientific Society, which published translations of many educational texts and issued a bilingual journal—in Urdu and English. These institutions were for the use of all citizens and were jointly operated by the hindus and the muslims. In the late 1860s there occurred developments that were to alter the course of his activities. In 1867 he was transferred to benares, a city on the ganges with great religious significance for the hindus. At about the same time a movement started at Benares to replace Urdu, the language cultivated by the muslims, with Hindi. This movement and the attempts to substitute hindi for Urdu in the publications of the Scientific Society convinced sayyid that the paths of the hindus and the muslims must diverge. Thus, when during literary a visit to England (186970) he prepared plans for a great educational institution, they were for a muslim Cambridge. On his return he set up a committee for the purpose and also started an influential journal, tahdhīb al-Akhlāq (Social Reform essay for the uplift and reform of the muslim. A muslim school was established at Alīgarh in may 1875, and, after his retirement in 1876, sayyid devoted himself to enlarging it into a college. In January 1877 the foundation stone of the college was laid by the viceroy. In spite of conservative opposition to sayyids projects, the college made rapid progress.
Indian Mutiny of 1857 he had taken the side of the British, but in this booklet he ably and fearlessly laid bare the weaknesses and errors of the British administration that had led to resume dissatisfaction and a countrywide explosion. Widely read by British officials, it had considerable influence on British policy. His interest in religion was also active and lifelong. He began a sympathetic interpretation of the bible, wrote Essays on the life of Mohammed (translated into English by his son and found time to write several volumes of a modernist commentary on the qurān. In these works he sought to harmonize the Islāmic faith with the scientific and politically progressive ideas of his time. The supreme interest of sayyids life was, however, education—in its widest sense. He began by establishing schools, at Muradabad (1858) and Ghāzīpur (1863).
Urdu, the principal language of the muslims of northern India. The death of sayyids father left the family in financial difficulties, and after a limited education, sayyid had to work for his livelihood. Starting as a clerk with the east India company in 1838, he qualified three years later as a subjudge and served in the judicial department at various places. Sayyid, ahmad had a versatile personality, and his position in the judicial department left him business time to be active in many fields. His career as an author (in Urdu) started at the age of 23 with religious tracts. In 1847 he brought out a noteworthy book, āthār aṣanādīd (Monuments of the Great on the antiquities of Delhi. Even more important was his pamphlet, The causes of the Indian revolt.
His works, in Urdu, include. Essays on the life of Mohammed (1870) and commentaries on the, bible and on the, qurān. In 1888 he was made a knight Commander of the. Sayyids family, though progressive, was highly regarded by the dying. His father, who received an allowance from the mughal administration, became something of a religious recluse; his maternal grandfather had twice served as prime minister of the mughal emperor of his time and had also held positions of trust under the. Sayyids brother established one of the first printing presses. Delhi and started one of the earliest newspapers.
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Throughout his life, khan published several scholarly works, most notably the pamphlet The causes of the Indian revolt. Fact Check, we strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Citation Information, article title, syed Ahmed Khan biography. Author, website name, the m website, url access Date rrentTime date mmmm d, yyyy publisher, a e staples television Networks, last Updated.
April 1, 2014, original Published Date n/a. Sir sayyid Ahmad Khan, sayyid also spelled, gretel syad, or, syed, Ahmad also spelled. 17, 1817, delhi—died March 27, 1898, Alīgarh, india muslim educator, jurist, and author, founder of the. Anglo-mohammedan Oriental College at Alīgarh, Uttar Pradesh, india, and the principal motivating force behind the revival of Indian. Islām in the late 19th century.
After having established schools for children, he founded the muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in 1875, seeking to promote social, scientific, and economic development of Indian Muslims. Today, the institution is known as the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) and ranks among the top universities in India. Top, awards achievements, he was awarded the Order of the Star of India from the British government on Top, personal Life legacy. He married Parsa begum in 1836, and the couple went on to have three children: syed Hamid, syed Mahmood and Amina. He was a tireless worker who devoted his entire life to the promotion of education for the masses. A highly knowledgeable man and a prolific writer, he wrote on a number of subjects including history, politics, archaeology, journalism, literature, religion and science.
He lived the last two decades of his life in Aligarh and died on, at the age. His funeral was attended by thousands of people, including British officials, muslim leaders, and his students. Top, article title - sir syed Ahmad Khan biography. Author - editors, m, website - m, url - p, last Updated - november 13, 2017. Sir syed Ahmad Khan. Syed Ahmed Khan was an Indian educator, politician and Islamic reformer whose work inspired a new generation of Muslims and pioneered the revival of Indian Islam in the late 19th century. Synopsis, born on October 17, 1817, syed Ahmed Khan was an Indian educator, politician and Islamic reformer. He helped pioneer modern education in Indias Muslim communities through his foundation of the Aligarh Muslim University. His work inspired a new generation of Muslim reformers and led to the revival of Indian Islam in the late 19th century.
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He started a work on a commentary on the bible in which he stated that Islam and Christianity both share a common lineage from Abrahamic religions. During the 1850s he developed a strong passion for education and realized the advantages of Western-style education. He believed that scientific education was the need of the hour and set about establishing modern schools for the children, at Muradabad (1858) and Ghazipur (1863). He was transferred to Aligarh with in 1864 where he founded the Scientific Society of Aligarh which was the first scientific association of its kind in India. The society held conferences, disbursed funds for educational causes, and published scientific journals in English and Urdu. He published many writings promoting liberal and rational interpretations of Islamic scriptures as he felt that orthodoxy was threatening the development of the muslims. However, his liberal views were met with criticism by the muslim clergy and thus Sir syed decided plan to stop discussing religion and focused on promoting education.
His position in the judicial department gave deluxe him ample time to devote to his other interests, which included writing. He began his literary career by writing religious tracts. His book āthār aṣanādīd (Monuments of the Great on the antiquities of Delhi was published in 1847. When the Indian Mutiny of 1857 broke out, he remained loyal to the British and even saved the lives of several Europeans. He was serving as the chief assessment officer at the court in Bijnor at the time when the rebellion broke out and was personally affected by its aftermath. He published the booklet Asbab-e-baghawat-e-hind (The causes of the Indian revolt) in 1859 in which he fearlessly outlined what he believed to be the causes of this revolt. He rejected the common belief that the conspiracy was planned by muslims and blamed the British East India companys thoughtless actions for the revolution. Religion was one of his great interests, and he had great respects for all religions, not just Islam.
active boy and participated in a number of sports like swimming and wrestling. He began his study of medicine but did not complete the course. His father died when syed was still young and thus he had to abandon his formal education due to financial difficulties. He was offered positions in the mughal court which he declined and entered the English civil service. Later on he attended the east India company college from where he graduated with a degree in law and judicial services. Continue reading Below, top. Career, he was appointed as a clerk at the courts of law in Agra in 1838, and promoted to the title of Munshi in 1840.
He believed in promoting Westernstyle scientific education and was instrumental in setting up several schools for implementing this purpose. He was a british loyalist and formed the muslim league to promote pro-British attitudes and activities, thus raising suspicion in the minds of Indian politicians. Nonetheless, he commanded great respect from both Hindus and Muslims for his progressive views and dedication towards the cause of education. Continue reading Below, sir syed Ahmad Khan. Childhood early life, literature he was born as syed Ahmad Taqvi on in Delhi. His father, mir Muttaqi was highly regarded by the mughal dynasty, and many members of his family had held positions in the mughal court. He was raised in a large house in a wealthy area, in accordance with Mughal traditions.
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Continue reading Below, summary sir syed Ahmad Khan was a muslim philosopher, social activist and educator who founded of the Anglo-mohammedan Oriental College at Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. He was deeply devoted to the cause of education and believed that widespread education was the only way to enlighten the masses. A distinguished scholar, he was a progressive thinker who played a major role in promoting social, scientific, and economic development of Indian Muslims. Even though he religiously followed Islam, he was troubled by the rigidity of the orthodox outlook of the muslims. His life-long interest in religion manifested itself in the form of several volumes of a modernist commentary on the quran. In addition he also began a sympathetic interpretation of the bible. But above everything else, it was his dedication towards the cause of education that defined him as a person.