Future growth in global population and gdp will be constrained in surprising ways, by rapid fertility decline as a result of urbanization, productivity decline as a result of social unrest, and continuing poverty among the poorest 2 billion world citizens. At the same time there will be impressive advances in resource efficiency and climate-friendly solutions. There will also be an increased focus on human well-being rather than on per capita income growth. Still, based on the extensive database that underpins 2052, it appears that the human response will be too slow. The most critical factor will be greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. These emissions will remain so high that our grandchildren most likely will have to live with self-reinforcing, and hence runaway, global warming in the second half of the twenty-first century. Main messages of 2052, the global population will stagnate earlier than expected because fertility will fall dramatically in the increasingly urbanized population. Population will peak.1 billion people just after 2040 and then decline.
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Click here for review by john Allen Tucker, east Carolina University. The, limits to Growth study in 1972 addressed the grand question of how humanity would adapt to the physical limitations essay of planet Earth. Its authors, of whom I was one, offered these projections about the time period we have now entered: during the first half of the twenty-first century the ongoing growth in the human ecological footprint will stop. humanitys resource use and environmental impact will be brought down to levels that can be sustained in the long run. We wrote that these milestones would come to pass in one of many ways—for example through catastrophic overshoot and collapse or through well-managed peak and decline. In 2052, i offer my status report—driven by curiosity, and a desire to understand whether, knowing what we know, humanity will rise to the occasion and effectively address the unprecedented challenges we now face. So, 2052 represents my forecast for the next forty years, and based on the projections of other scientists, futurists, and thinkers. And, here in a nutshell is what I concluded. The process of adapting to the limitations of the planet has indeed started. Over the next forty years, efforts to limit the human ecological footprint will continue.
Gier explains why certain traditions have produced such visions. He also explores several traditions that have managed to avoid the essay error of spiritual titanism while offering difficult, though realistic and laudable spiritual ideals. This work does a masterful job analyzing and comparing a diverse range of traditions against the standard of a humane life. Unlike so many works of scholarship, it has an important point to make. It displays an impressive command of a remarkably broad range of traditions and deploys careful and compelling arguments to support its central claims. This is a fascinating and innovative book."-P. Click here for review by robert Wicks, University of Auckland.
(The reader, by the long way, should check out other works in the series of which this book is a part-suny press's Series in Constructive postmodern Thought. If you are interested in a philosophy in terms of which we can all envision a better world, as well as one that is capable of constructively and substantively engaging with a variety of religious and philosophical systems cross-culturally, then you would do well. The most impressive thing of all about this book is the fact that it covers an enormous range in terms of traditions and cultures, but also manages to sustain a substantive philosophical argument throughout. Specialists may quibble over details, as such a wide-ranging study necessarily depends upon secondary literature, and one may not agree in every respect with every one of gier's analyses. But this book never fails to provoke thought, and rewards repeated readings as well-a rare quality for an academic volume. Of particular interest to this reader were the treatments of jainism and neo-vedanta, as well as an original and intriguing interpretation of nietzsche. This book is a model for how the comparative philosophy of religion might proceed-clearly written, well-argued, well-researched, and, as another reviewer has said, "with a distinct, original, philosophically and religiously important thesis." This book is highly recommended for anyone who takes the ideas of comparative. "The central thesis of Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives is that certain traditions advocate ideals that require human beings to take on divine attributes and prerogatives. Gier argues that such ideals are not only impractical-its hard to be a god-but dangerous-it is harmful to try or pretend to be one.
Gier introduces the concept of 'Spiritual Titanism a notion that he finds manifested in a variety of forms across cultures, and with varying implications for religious practice and philosophical reflection. 'Spiritual Titanism' is, as the back cover of the book explains, "an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives." As an interpretive tool, this concept is useful, for it allows gier to bring out affinities between prima facie. Spiritual Titanism is an ideological stance of which gier is critical; but lest one worry that he is using this concept for polemical purposes, merely to attack or deconstruct the philosophies that he examines, one finds that he is really quite careful to point out. This is in contrast, of course, with technological titanism, the destructive effects of which are tragically evident throughout our world. One might wish that gier went further in exploring why the radical disconnect sometimes seems to obtain between the conceptual titanism of a tradition and its practical non-Titanism, and vice versa, but this also points to one of this book's virtues-it leaves the reader wanting. (This reader would certainly like to see a sequel, applying the concept of Spiritual Titanism to the analysis of even more traditions, or expanding further upon the analyses given here.). Gier's overall goal, apart from enhancing our understanding of Indian, Chinese, and Western philosophy, is to point out the potential dangers of Spiritual Titanism, as well as to articulate a "constructive postmodern" response, based on elements of the thought of Alfred North Whitehead, buddhism, daoism.
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The author finds that both Buddhism and Confucianism anticipate a constructive postmodern response to modernist notions of self and world found in the junk jaina-sankhya-yoga philosophies. This is seen most explicitly in their rejection of substances of any kind, a commitment to a social and relational view of the self, and a revalorization of nature. The confucian sage, always expansive and integrative, is contrasted with the opposite tendencies in some Indian saints. Review s "The act of cross-cultural comparison, particularly in religious studies, is an art that once flourished but is now routinely challenged from a whole host of technical and specialist fronts. Giers text, essentially a comprehensive essay of normative comparative philosophy, is especially refreshing in such a world, as it effectively brings together an impressive range of scholarship (Western philosophy and theology, comparative mythology, jaina, hindu, buddhist, daoist, and Confucian studies) to create a truly comparative. Giers category of "Titanism which functions as an ethical critique of some Indian schools from the standpoint of a constructive postmodern. Standpoint, enables him loved to accomplish this synthetic and normative feat, and to do it in a way that does not collapse the very real differences between these traditions into a simplistic perennialism or universalism.
This is one of the few books that I have read that actually makes sense of what a postmodern perspective is and how it might function. This is no mean accomplishment." Jeffrey. Kripal, rice University, author of the award winning. Kalis Child: The mystical and the Erotic in the life and teachings of Ramakrishna (University of Chicago Press). "In this original comparative analysis of Indian, Chinese, and Western thought, nicholas.
short summary of book, this book is an essay in comparative philosophy using the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives. The most explicit forms of spiritual Titanism are found in the jaina, sankhya, and Yoga traditions. In these views yogis claim powers and knowledge that in the west are only attributed to god. Answers to spiritual Titanism begin with the hindu goddess religion, but the most constructive responses are found in Zen Buddhism and Confucianism. Longer abstract of book, this book is an essay in comparative philosophy using the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy.
These philosophies are also radically dualistic and liberation involves a complete transcendence of the body, society, and nature. The author identifies five types of spiritual Titanism: (1) Asura titanism in which the asuras (demons, antigods, or Titans) constantly battle the hindu gods; (2) Brahmin Titanism, in which the priests take over the divine power of the sacrifice; (3) Gnostic Titanism, in which humans. In addition to this typology, the author offers a heuristic based on nietzsche's Three metamorphoses of camel (premodern lion-Titan (modern and child-overman (postmodern). The book proposes that Zen monks and Chinese sages represent the child stage, which constitutes a constructive postmodern solution to the problems of Indian Titanism. Reaction to Indian spiritual atomism came in the form of Hindu goddess worship and the tantric traditions. Both of these practices brought humans back to their bodies and nature. Other constructive responses to titanism are found in Buddhism (especially zen confucianism, and daoism.
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It is human in shape and feature, yet as inhuman as an icicle;. The saint stands supernally motionless, absolutely unconcerned about the worshipping, jubilant crowds that throng around his feet. heinrich Zimmer, Philosophies of barbing India. State University of New York Press, 2000. Click on title with to read the article version of Chapter Six ". The yogi and the goddess. click on title to read the article version of Chapter Nine ". On the deification of Confucius.
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