Advertisements: There are no rules for getting up in the morning and going to school, coming back home, having lunch, playing for a short while and then completing the home work. We are our own rulers as we manage our time according lo our own wish; we play, visit places, pursue our hobbies and are relaxed. After working hard throughout the year, summer holidays are eagerly awaited by students and teachers alike. During summer break my family always goes to a hill station for nearly 20 to 25 days. Image source: m, advertisements: we have a small cottage there and we enjoy ourselves, away from the hustle and bustle of the city life, in the lap of Mother Nature. We play indoor games like cards, carom board, loud and chess.
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Nor was it the traditional mixture of leisure and work among ordinary people. No longer were work and play rights interchanged at will; no longer did they occur in the same milieu. There was now a special time for leisure, as well as a special place. Being neither play as work nor work as play, middle-class leisure, which eventually infiltrated and influenced all of society, involved something new: the strict demarcation of a temporal and a physical boundary between leisure and work. These boundariesexemplified by the weekendmore than anything else characterize modern leisure. Just as sleep is necessary for our body similarly holidays are important for relaxation and change they provide relief from the monotony of our daily routine. They are important for our mental and emotional well being. Holidays who does not wait for them? Holidays give us a break from our routine and help us to refresh ourselves and go back to work with renewed energy. They are not only meant for enjoying but also for pursuing our hobbies and interests. During holidays we can live our life as we want.
Weekend outings, often to the seashore, were also available to the lower classes, although their weekend was usually shorter, extending from Saturday afternoon until Sunday evening. According to one contemporary observer, Thomas Wright, "That the saturday half-holiday movement is one of the most practically beneficial that has ever been inaugurated with a view to the social improvement of 'the masses no one who is acquainted with its workings will for. The afternoon began with a leisurely midday meal at home, which was often followed by a weekly bath in the neighborhood bathhousean important institution at a time when few homes had running water, and one that was common in British and North American cities until. The rest of the daytime hours might be spent reading the paper, working around the house, attending a club, or strolling around town window-shopping. Saturday afternoon became a customary time for park concerts, soccer games, rowing, and bicyclingand, of course, drinking in the local pub, for despite the hopes of the reformers and evangelicals, drinking was still the chief leisure pastime of the working classes, whether the holiday occurred. Wright emphasized that the afternoon was usually brought to a close in time for tea at five o'clock, to leave plenty of time for the chief entertainment of the week. Saturday night was the time for an outing to the theater; most people brought their own food and drink into the cheap seats in the gallery. The music hall, an important influence on the spread of Saturday night's popularity, began as an adjunct to taverns but emerged as an independent entity in the 1840s, and continued to be prominent in British entertainment for the next eighty years. This was not the elite leisure of the aristocracy and landed gentry, for whom recreations such as shooting and fox hunting had become an all-consuming way of life.proposal
They were joined by middle-class social reformers and by proponents of rational recreation, who also had an interest in altering Sunday behavior. By the end of the century many shops and factories had begun closing on Saturday afternoons, leaving a half-holiday for household chores and social activitiesan evening business at the dance hall or the puband permitting Sunday to be used exclusively for prayer and sober recreations. It's unlikely that the saturday half-holiday would have spread as rapidly as it did if it had not been for the support of the factory owners. Factory owners had little to gain from insisting on a six-day week of workdays of up to twelve hours if on some days so few workers showed up that the factory had to be shut down anyway. The proposal for a saturday half-holiday offered a way out, and factory owners supported it in return for a commitment to regular attendance on the part of their employees. Half Saturdays and shorter workdays became the pattern followed by all later labor negotiations, and by legislation governing the length of the workday. In the 1870s people began to speak of "week-ending" or "spending the week-end." The country houses of the wealthy were generally located in the home counties, in the vicinity of London, and were now easily reached by train. It summary became fashionable to go to the country on Friday afternoon and return to the city on Monday, and these house parties became an important feature of upper-class social life.
The energy of entrepreneurs, assisted by advertising, was an important influence not only on the diffusion and persistence of saint Monday but also on leisure in general. Hence a curious and apparently contradictory situation: not so much the commercialization of leisure as the discovery of leisure thanks to commerce. This distinction is worth bearing in mind when one considers the complaint commonly made today that contemporary leisure is being "tainted" or "corrupted" by commercialism. Beginning in the eighteenth century, with magazines, coffeehouses, and music rooms, and continuing throughout the nineteenth, with professional sports and holiday travel, the modern idea of personal leisure emerged at the same time as the business of leisure. The first could not have happened without the second. Saint Monday had many critics. Religious groups campaigned against the tradition, which they saw as linked to the drinking and dissipation that, in their eyes, dishonored the sabbath.
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It was not unusual for sporting events, fairs, and other celebrations to last several days. Since sunday was always an official holiday, usually the days following were added. This produced a regular custom of staying away from work on Monday, frequently doing so also on tuesday, and then working long hours at the end of the week to catch. Among some trades the monday holiday achieved what amounted to an official status. Weavers and miners, for example, regularly took a holiday on the monday after paydaywhich occurred weekly, on Friday or Saturday.
This practice became so common that it was called "keeping saint Monday.". Saint Monday may have started as an individual preference for staying away from workwhether to relax, to recover from drunkenness, or bothbut its popularity during the 1850s and 1860s was ensured by the enterprise of the leisure industry. During that period sporting events, such as horse races and cricket matches, reporting often took place on Mondays, since their organizers knew fire that many working-class customers would be prepared to take the day off. And since many public events were prohibited on the sabbath, monday became the chief occasion for secular recreations. Attendance at botanical gardens and museums soared on Monday, which was also the day that ordinary people went to the theater and the dance hall, and the day that workingmen's social clubs held their weekly meetings.
Depending on local convention, work stopped for anywhere from a few days to two weeks. There were also communal holidays associated with special, occasional events such as prizefights, horse races, and other sporting competitions, and also fairs, circuses, and traveling menageries. When one of these attractions arrived in a village or town, regular work more or less stopped while people flocked to gape and marvel at the exotic animals, equestrian acrobats, and assorted human freaks and oddities. The idea of spontaneously closing up shop or leaving the workbench for the pursuit of pleasure may strike the modern reader as irresponsible, but for the eighteenth-century worker the line between work and play was blurred. Many recreational activities were directly linked to the workplace, since trade guilds often organized their own outings and had their own singing and drinking clubs and their own preferred taverns.
Eighteenth-century workers had, as Hugh Cunningham puts. Leisure in the Industrial revolution, "a high preference for leisure, and for long periods." This preference was hardly something new. What was new was the ability, in prosperous georgian England, of so many people to indulge. For the first time in centuries many workers earned more than survival wages. Now they had choices: they could buy goods or leisure. They could work more and earn more, or they could forgo the extra wages and enjoy more free time instead. Most chose the latter course. This was especially true for the highly paid skilled workers, who had the greatest degree of economic freedom, but even general laborers, who were employed at day rates, had a choice in the matter. Many of these worked intensively, sometimes for much more than the customary ten hours a day, and then quit to enjoy themselves until their money ran out.
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It was precisely this early ending to the week that produced a holiday period of a day and a halfthe first weekend. This innovationand it was a uniquely British oneoccurred in roughly the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Throughout the eighteenth century the workweek ended on Saturday evening; Sunday was the weekly day off. The reformation, and later Puritanism, had made sunday the weekly holy day in an attempt to displace the saints' days and religious festivals of Catholicism (the catholic Sunday was merely one holy day among many). Although the taboo on work was more or less respected, the strictures of Sabbatarianism that prohibited merriment and levity on the lord's day were reviews rejected by most Englishmen, who saw the holiday as a chance to drink, gamble, and generally have a good time. For most people sunday was the only official weekly holiday, but this did not necessarily mean that the life of the average British worker was one of unremitting toil. Work was always interrupted to commemorate the annual feasts of Christmas, new year, and Whitsuntide (the week beginning with the seventh Sunday after Easter). These traditional holidays were universally observed, but the length of the breaks varied.
Maybe even make a large batch and stock up your fridge and freezer, so that youre never out of fuel for the library long study sessions ahead in the weekdays. Best foods to eat when revising more from Florence. From day off to days Off. The, oxford English Dictionary finds the earliest recorded use of the word "weekend" in an 1879 issue. Notes and queries, an English magazine. "In Staffordshire, if a person leaves home at the end of his week's work on the saturday afternoon to spend the evening of Saturday and the following Sunday with friends at a distance the magazine citation goes, "he is said to be spending his week-end. It is also important to note that the "week's work" is described as ending on the saturday afternoon.
you should join a study group. Earn some money, another great idea for student activities during the weekends is to secure a part-time job, either within the university or elsewhere. Some of my friends work for their universitys administrative department, and some who are good at it opted to contribute to the schools technical support network. Obviously make sure you dont take on too much, but this can be a good way of earning some extra money, and also gaining useful experience. Student jobs which is the best? Focus on your health, i cant stress enough the importance of getting adequate sleep and exercise during your university years. Being a 'weekend warrior' may sound off-putting, but any exercise is better than no exercise especially if you have a tight schedule during Mondays to Fridays. Sleeping in on Saturday and Sunday can help repay your sleep debts, and make use of the weekend to spend some time cooking healthy, nutritious food.
Explore your local area, explore your local area too. One of my favorite student activities in London was just wandering around the old streets and alleyways near my school. If youre into being active and getting out of your dorm room, simply going for a walk is an excellent way to learn more about your local area, find interesting places to visit and even discover little pockets of town that youve never came across. Channel that inner flaneur! A student's guide to london. Catch up with studies. The most important student activities you have as a student is to do well academically. Student life can be relaxing and fun, but dont we all have times when theres one more essay to rush, or an important deadline to make? During the week, dashing from lecture to lab to library, it can be difficult to think clearly.paper
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Weekends are precious they're the only part of the week when most people can get away with not working, not studying and generally being idle without guilt. However, some ways of using your weekends may be more fullfilling than others Here are some top student activities, to make sure you get the most out of your deserved two-days off. Travel, weekends are great for travelling a little further afield. Not only do you get two full days of fun, but travelling also helps to broaden your mind and enrich your life experiences. Its safe to say that my database favorite part of studying abroad was the opportunity to travel around the country by train or bus. And contrary to popular belief, travelling can be student-budget-friendly and eventful at the same time providing you plan well ahead and know where youre going! Go in a group, stay in student hostels and remember to research the destination before you. Dont forget to pack a lock you're going to need it if you want to keep your belongings safe. Travelling on a student budget.