Hearing about Grendel's menace, and at his people's urging, he has decided to come to help the king. His people are aware of his prowess and remember the many times he came home from battle unharmed - the time he bound five giants and slew all of their kinsmen and the time he killed the water monsters. Beowulf boasts that he will single-handedly slay grendel, and asks for Hrothgar's permission to. Since Grendel does not fight with weapons, beowulf too disdains them. He requests that in the event of his death, his body not be buried, but the corselet covering his breast, sent to hygelac. Hrothgar wishes beowulf honor, and reminds him how Hrothgar had helped Ecgtheow, thus sealing the families in friendship. Ecgtheow had defeated heathloaf of the wyfling line but had been unable to pay his family wergild, and thus the geats refused to shelter him for fear of reprisal. Hrothgar had then come to Ecgtheow's aid and paid wergild to heathloaf's family, and Ecgtheow had sworn an oath of friendship in payment for this generosity.
Beowulf, summary and Analysis (like sparkNotes) Free book notes
Beowulf introduces himself as the son of Ecgtheow and comrade of Hygelac, and says that they have come in the hope of ridding the "old King" of the evil of Grendel. The guard says that since they look manager like brave men, they must not have boasted in vain, and thus welcomes them. He promises to guard their ships till they are ready to return. Beowulf's Welcome at Hrothgar's court. Beowulf and his men reach the hall and lay down their shields. Hrothgar's herald, wulfgar, asks them for an introduction and their purpose of visit. Beowulf gives his name but states that he will reveal his purpose only to the king, and Wulfgar petitions Hrothgar to grant beowulf a parley. Hrothgar acknowledges beowulf by saying that he knew him as a child, and like his father beowulf was continuing the tradition of friendship by coming to his court to seek adventure. He says he has heard that beowulf's hand-grip is equal to thirty men's strength, is thus hopeful that beowulf will be successful against Grendel, and bids them welcome. The geats rise and enter and beowulf, after introducing himself as Hygelac's kinsman, says that he has done a lot of brave deeds in his youth.
Hrothgar says that beowulf's words bespeak a man of strength, prudence and wisdom, a man who would biography make a great king of the geats, should Hygelac ever be killed. He praises him for establishing everlasting peace between the danes and the geats, gives him many gifts, and parts with him fondly. The poet notes that Hrothgar ruled ably and ultimately died of old age. Section 2, the coming of beowulf, the horrific stories of Grendel reaches the ears of beowulf, the strongest of living men, kin of Hygelac, in his home with the geats. Beowulf decides to sail to Scyld to help Hrothgar, and sets out with fourteen men after viewing the omens. After a day's journey, they land on the Scylding shore, thanking God for conducting them safely. The Scylding coastguard, spotting warriors with shields, rides up to them to ask where they are coming from. No one, he says, can land without permission, and he asks them of their lineage, their kinship and purpose of visit.
Hrothgar marvels at God's will that allows a man to follow his desires and seek fame at home and abroad, and then live in luxury knowing no sickness, or sorrow. This lasts, however, only till evil besets him in the form of pride. His spirit then slumbers and he becomes unmindful of Fate. Death, however, inevitably comes, and Hrothgar advises beowulf to seek heavenly wisdom. The parting of beowulf and Hrothgar. In the morning, the geats prepare for departure. Beowulf returns the sword, Hrunting, to Unferth, thanking him for the loan. He thanks Hrothgar for his affection and hospitality, and promises to return should Hrothgar ever need him.
Beowulf, summary : Epic poems, Grendel, Anglo-saxon
A spell had been cast on the treasure by the lord who had buried it, to the effect that whoever tried to plunder it, would pay for the evil by being battle sent to hell, except the one, chosen by god, to invade and gather the. Thus it had been the fate of beowulf to get the treasure and meet his death thus. Beowulf's Funeral, wyglaf along with 7 warriors gather the treasure and carry the king along with it to the cape of Whale. A pyre is built with helmets and shields surrounding it, and it is lit. The warriors sing a dirge and an old woman wails in sorrow, proclaiming that the bloodshed, shame and bondage is soon going to beset the geats. For 10 days, the geats work on the barrow, burying the ash from the funeral as well as the treasure in it, till a high mound is built.
Then 12 brave warriors ride around it, bemoaning the death of the king, and of their sorrow, and sing a dirge highlighting his valor, and praising him for being the kindest and gentlest of kings, and foe being most mindful of his glory. Section 6, beowulf Returns to heoret, grendel's head is laid before the king, and beowulf narrates the story of his fight, and presents the sword hilt to Hrothgar. The hilt is carved with the story of the ancient giants who had ravaged the earth before they were killed in the Great Floods. Hrothgar renews his pledge of friendship, praises him and cautions him against excess pride by telling the story of Heremod. Heremod had been blessed with great strength, but had proved to be a tyrant, wrecking havoc among the danes, and Hrothgar asks beowulf to learn from Heremod's story and Hrothgar's old age, and take the path of virtue.
References edit External links edit). Section 10, the messenger Foretells the doom of the geats. A messenger is dispatched to tell the deaths of beowulf and the dragon. Messenger's speech: When the news of beowulf's death will be made known, geatland will be put in danger of war by the Frisians and Franks, for it is well known that a fierce feud arose with the Franks when beowulf attacked the Frisians, and Hetware. I also hold no hope of peace from the Swedes, as it is known that Ongtheow had killed haethcyn, Hrethel's son near ravenswood.
The geats, under haethcyn, had captured Ongtheow's queen, and the latter managed to rescue her, and drove the geats to ravenswood, where much slaughter had ensued and haethcyn died. In the morning, however, hygelac had come with reinforcements, and driven Ongtheow to his fortress. The fort was stormed and a fight ensued between Windred's son, wulf and Ongtheow, and Wulf was grievously wounded. Wulf's brother, eofor took revenge and killed Ongtheow. Hygelac then had rewarded both Wulf and Eofor with a hundred thousand acres, and also given to eofor his daughter in marriage. This is the feud of which i am scared, now that our king is no more, for it is his might that had defended the kingdom. The treasure, so dearly gained, shall be useless for it will be burnt with the king. The messenger finishes speaking and the men go to look at their king and the dragon, fifty feet long, lying on the ground. The treasure lay strewn about.
Pdf - ebook and Manual Free download
Characters edit Ali von Schade - roman Catholic nun, linguist, epigrapher, associate of the beowulf Circle Dwight david "Ike" Crockett - mountaineer, long-time hadal prisoner, recapturee elias writings Branch - us army major, among the first to venture into the sub-planet Father Thomas- jesuit priest, scholar. 1 reviewers noted the novel to be a relatively rare contemporary entry in the once-common Hollow Earth subgenre, popularized by Edgar Rice burroughs and Jules Verne. The very concrete hellish environment evoked Dante 's Inferno, while the hadals could also be read as a homage to the morlocks. 2 The novel garnered positive reviews in the denver Post, milwaukee journal-Sentinel, the rocky mountain News, fort Worth Star-Telegram, fort lauderdale business sun-Sentinel, baltimore sun, publishers weekly, library journal, and booklist. 3 better source needed The 2005 film of the same name contains similar plot elements (a subterranean expedition trapped underground with carnivorous Troglofaunal hominid creatures but was not based on the book. One of the marketing devices for The descent was a "postcard from hell". 4 It was followed by a 2007 sequel, deeper.
Though an enormous initial shock, the dismay wears off quickly and humanity is essentially undeterred; the descent recommences, in even greater force. Cities are built in the upper crust, three miles deep, while social instability grows and interest in space exploration diminishes. Meanwhile, a mysterious Jesuit priest, father Thomas, is assembling the beowulf Circle, an informal group of scholars dedicated to the study of the sub-planet, with the eventual aim of discovering whether " Satan " (by which they do not necessarily mean a literal person, but. A member of the circle persuades Ali to join the group; she is attached to an expedition funded by the helios corporation, an unprecedentedly deep trek through a newly discovered fissure which traverses the floor of the entire pacific Ocean basin. During their increasingly bloody journey through the cave system, the expedition scientists are guarded by untrustworthy helios mercenaries and guided by ike, the himalayan tour guide from the first chapter, who had spent a decade as a slave of the hadals before being recovered. On the way, the expedition uncovers the decaying evidence of a once-great hadal civilization, which may correspond to lost civilizations from human folklore, such as Atlantis. Meanwhile, on the surface, a plot emerges within Helios to sterilize the sub-planet with a potent bioweapon and thereby open it to human settlement and exploitation. At the same time, the jesuit's scholarly organization discovers that the hadals may have a mysterious method of transferring human consciousness from body to body, allowing for effective immortality for a select few; after the members of the beowulf Circle begin to be brutally lines murdered.
and enslaved by an unknown presence, servants of a god they call "Older-Than-Old.". A few years later, Branch, monstrously deformed, is leading the world's armies in exploring a vast network of caves that he has been instrumental in discovering, underlying the whole of the earth's surface. The "Descent" of the title refers not only to the literal act of descending, but is also the term the narrative applies to a large-scale military-led colonization of the planet's interior that begins at this point. Referred to as the "sub-planet the labyrinth contains an entire separately-evolved ecosystem, and offers rare fleeting glimpses of elusive albino humanoids. Scientists theorize these are. Troglofauna -like hominids descended from, homo erectus ; classified as, homo hadalis (as in Hades they are commonly referred to as "hadals or, pejoratively, "Haddie." While presently degenerate and brutal, the archaeological evidence suggests the " hadals " had once possessed a high level. The beings had apparently occasionally emerged throughout human history, and had (rather viciously) mentored human civilization, thereby giving rise to the human concepts of Hell and demons. After melting invisibly away from human encroachment for several months, the hadals spring a trap: a massive, coordinated worldwide ambush of the armies exploring and occupying the sub-planet. The attack is enormously successful; world casualties number a full quarter-million.
Becoming separated, the members are relentlessly killed essays by an unseen enemy, until only the mountain guides, ike and Kora, remain. Several years later, at a, un military base in, bosnia, multinational soldiers are guarding a forensic team excavating a huge mass grave, which satellite imagery shows being disturbed every night. The soldiers first assume that. Serb soldiers are trying to destroy the evidence of their atrocities ; a us, army aviation officer named Elias Branch leads a reconnaissance-helicopter flight to gather evidence. After a crash, he finds his navigator brutally assaulted, is menaced by an unseen enemy, and is himself badly injured by his unit's supporting fire. Found scarred and half-mad, he raves about being attacked by " demons during his recuperation, he begins to exhibit dramatic physical changes, and begins taking an interest in local cave systems. Near the edge of the, kalahari, a young nun.
What Is a short
The descent is a 1999 science-fiction / horror novel by American author, jeff Long. It describes the discovery and exploration of an extensive labyrinth of tunnels and passages stretching throughout the earth's upper mantle, found to be inhabited by a malicious species of alternately-evolved troglofauna hominids. Contents, plot summary edit, a group of new-age trekkers. Tibet are trapped in a cave by a snowstorm and stumble across a mutilated, mummified corpse, covered with cryptic tattoos in both English and undecipherable symbols; the party interprets the former to mean that the body was that. Raf pilot plan who had crashed on the other side of the. Himalayas in the 1940s. How the pilot had made it across the mountains is a mystery, but a diagram among the tattoos suggests that the cave the party is trapped may be part of a larger network, one that might have an outlet elsewhere. As the blizzard shows no signs of letting up, the party pushes deeper into the network, discovering the remains of a slaughtered ancient army, displayed almost trophy-like, and a trail of gold coins.