Back to top you may now wish to comment on some individual phrases which are not quite what they seem, or where Swift is making fun of some target. These could include: a very knowing American of my acquaintance; persons of quality (several times advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month; very proper for Landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the. Back to top you should definitely comment on the word modest in the title: in Swift's day a modest proposal would be one which is simple, easy to achieve and unlikely to meet with objections. Is his proposal modest in this sense? Conclusion to finish, comment on how far this pamphlet is relevant to our own society and to the modern reader. Write about things that have changed and about anything which, you think, has not changed much. Do you think Swift cares much or little for the poor?
Jonathan Swift, a modest, proposal
This part of the Proposal is ambiguous - we cannot be sure of Swift's real intention. On the surface he is dismissing alternatives to his scheme - but we can see that they may be quite good ideas. Do you think that he really wants the reader to dismiss these ideas? Back to top The reader's response At this point it will be helpful to explain the reader's response (what Swift home expects, anyway) first to the Proposal and then to the other solutions which Swift dismisses. You must write about Swift's use of irony: what he says literally (surface meaning) is quite different from what he really believes (deep or underlying meaning) and the reader is (you are) expected to see this. Swift's real targets Who, if anyone, is (or are) really to blame for the state of Ireland? See if you can find those whom Swift casts as the villains of the piece. Attending to the details Next, you should comment on some of the details which you may have found interesting. You can take these in any order (no need for everyone's work to be identical!) and can find things for yourself. You may like to include the following (as Swift sees them religious differences; attitudes to marriage; men's attitudes (to their wives and children, and to their livestock the effects of poverty on family life.
This will probably be the longest section of your work. Break it into paragraphs. Look at the different parts of Swift's account. You may also write about some developments or modifications of his scheme which others have dates suggested, and Swift's comments on these. Swift's ambiguity near the end of the pamphlet (in coloured type on this page) Swift dismisses some alternative solutions to the problem of poverty. He lists them, but does not explain them in detail. See if you can work out what any of them are. Write in each case whether the solution here would be better than the modest Proposal.
What problem does Swift seek to solve? Next, you should outline the problem for which Swift proposes a solution: What is it? Who (if anyone) causes it? Why is it so hard to solve? Back to top The Proposal in detail Now biography you need to explain the Proposal. You may use Swift's words sometimes, but should also explain or summarize in your own words. Try not to make judgements here (you will do so later).
Try to comment on his irony (irony is found where what an author seems to say is different from what he or she really thinks, and the reader or audience is expected to pick this up). Say whether Swift's writing has any relevance to the modern world. Back to top Task 2 Introduce the Proposal What problem does Swift seek to solve? The Proposal in detail Swift's ambiguity the reader's response swift's real targets Attending to the details conclusion This is a more ambitious task - it could be taken by any student. If you are doing work for gcse exams in the uk, it is suitable for those entered for the higher tier (target grades D. This requires you to explain the Proposal, comment on Swift's writing methods, and make a judgement and personal response. Introduce the Proposal First you should briefly introduce the Proposal : in a paragraph or two, outline what it is about and when and why it appeared. You may use the information at the start of the guide for this.
An, essay, sample On The, modest, proposal, by jonathan Swift
Task 1 This is quite a straightforward task - it could be taken by any student. If you are doing work for gcse exams in the uk, it is suitable for those entered for the foundation tier (target grades G to E). This task is in several parts. You should try to do all of them. First, write a report (as detailed as you can make it) for the king (His Majesty, george ii explaining.
At the end of your report, you should write your views on the scheme's good points (if any) and also on its drawbacks. Next, write a letter (choose the date of a day in 1729) to the Irish Times, giving your views in support of Swift's suggestion, or against. Write as if you are the mother of a baby, a farm worker, a landlord or any other person who might have an interest in the matter. You may write more than one such letter. Finally, writing as yourself now, say what you think of Swift's Proposal. Try to show what you think Swift's real views are about how to relieve poverty (look symbol at the section in italics near the end of the pamphlet).
Back to top, glossary. Some of the unfamiliar terms in the. Modest Proposal are explained below, chair: (Here) a sedan Chair - a covered chair supported by poles, carried by two bearers. Episcopal: to do with (here appointed by) a bishop - the adjective refers to church administration at the time Swift wrote. Gibbet: Place where criminals are hanged.
Mandarin: Important official serving an oriental (originally Chinese) ruler, or any high official today. Papists: Supporters of the pope, an insulting name for Catholics. Pretender: James Stuart, a catholic who pretended to (claimed) the English and Scottish thrones. He is sometimes known as the Old Pretender, while his son, Charles Edward Stuart, is known as the young Pretender (or Bonnie prince Charlie). Shambles: Place (usually in a town) where animals are slaughtered and butchered. Solar year: a year in the ordinary sense (as measured by the earth's going once round the sun). Back to top Writing tasks In the tasks below you can show your understanding of the modest Proposal. For some kinds of assessed work in England you will need to write about another text, too. You will find some suggestions below.
A modest proposal, essay
Papists, as he calls them. And he suggests that some purchasers will not only wish to eat the children, but will flay the skin and make gloves or boots from it, as from a fine leather. Back to top, swift considers the possibility of eating older children, but decides against it - business the boys would be tough and lean, while the girls would be near to the time when they could become Breeders themselves, and it would be best to let. He moves to list six reasons why his scheme is a good one. Before concluding he advises people not to suggest other solutions - like taxing absentee landlords, of encouraging the domestic economy by buying Irish goods, of discouraging pride, vanity, idleness and gambling, and generally of expecting the wealthy to be more compassionate to the poor. He argues finally, that an early death would have been preferable to the misery many poor people experience in their adult lives. And he claims to be quite impartial, because his oldest child is nine and his wife past child-bearing - so that he will not be able to make any estate profit by selling his own children.
He considers the possibility of selling the children into slavery, but objects to this - not because it is cruel or wrong, but because no-one will buy children below twelve years of age. This means that there is a long period in which the children cannot be fed, because their parents are too poor, but are too small and weak to be sold into work. Next he digresses to make the shocking claim that, according to an American whom he knows, a healthy child at one year old is: a most delicious, nourishing and wholesome food, whether Stewed, roasted, baked or boyled. From this beginning, Swift proceeds to develop his scheme by breeding children for food. For example, he states that landlords will be popular turleri with tenants because they will be able to pay them more, to buy the children for the table. He reasons that, by selling their children so soon, mothers will be able to go back to work, until they produce the next child. He notes that, as Catholics seem to breed more rapidly than Protestants, his scheme will help reduce their numbers - as most of the children sold for food will.
Proposal, you are not expected to have any special knowledge of the history of Ireland, and most of the information you need can be found in the. You are expected to write about what Swift says and how he does. Later, you will be expected to write about other texts which are like this one in some way or ways, and compare them together. You should choose one of the two tasks below, and use the study guide to direct your writing about the. In doing either task you should" directly (in"tion marks) or refer to details of the text to support your comments. Back to top, what does Swift propose in this pamphlet? The, modest Proposal begins by describing the very real poverty of people in Ireland. Swift presents this quite sympathetically but sets out facts and details, showing that there is a surplus of children who cannot be fed.
In such cases, where the guide refers to writing, you may respond by speaking. Back to top, about a modest Proposal, a modest Proposal was written by jonathan Swift (1667-1745 who is well-known as the author of the satirical political fantasy, gulliver's Travels. Modest Proposal in 1729 as a pamphlet (a kind of essay in an unbound booklet). At this time, and for many years afterward, Ireland (not an independent country) was far poorer than England. Most people born there were roman Catholics and employed as agricultural labourers or tenant farmers. The landlords (landowners) were paid gps from the produce of the land, at rates which the workers could rarely afford. This ruling class were usually Protestants. Many of them were not born in Ireland, nor did they live there permanently. If the labourers lost their work, there would always be other poor people to take.
Modest, proposal, jonathan Swift, essay
Introduction, this study guide has been written for students and their teachers in KS3 and KS4 in the uk but may be suitable for students elsewhere. The guide suggests ways of responding to jonathan Swift's pamphlet. A modest Proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick. Read the text thoroughly - perhaps with some help from a teacher, and attempt one of the tasks described on this guide - or agree some other task with your teacher. If you wish to work traditionally these lined activities can be done in an exercise book, or as a booklet using your own skills in illustration and writing. If you wish to use computer software for your work, this is quite appropriate. The tasks may work well as speaking and listening activities; you are encouraged to present these live or make use of tape-recording or multi-media software recording to show your work.