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LibGuides: Literature review : Conducting writing : Sample
An excellent literature review will arrange those sentences so that the simplification doesnt lose the context/meaning. Use references and"tions for supportive evidence When you refer to a concept that is associated with one particular paper, cite the paper Use"tions to support your points Short"tions can be made within bentuk a paragraph Longer"tions should be a separate paragraph you. If in doubt always provide more information great than you think is necessary be wary of Ariel Rubinsteins warning, relating to interdisciplinary research, that often the citation is just intended to demonstrate the breadth of our horizons (2012,.200) Draw things together The conclusion should summarise. The reviewing of existing literature relating to a topic is an essential first step and foundation when undertaking a research project. In this paper we examine the purposes and scope of a literature review; the selection of sources; citation and referencing; taking notes, organizing material and writing.
Be critical, not merely descriptive, a descriptive literature review merely describes the book key points of each paper. A critical literature review demonstrates your personal judgement. What are the limitations of the papers? What are the holes in the literature? Illuminate the interplay between the literature, which papers are parts of a similar/ common trend? Which papers are critical of each other and what are the strengths/weaknesses of each side? Highlight controversy be succinct A good literature review will summarise a complex argument in one sentence.
But dont neglect less established work that you feel has significant merit. Analyse the findings by identify key themes, group references into similar categories: you should analyse themes (ideas) rather than each individual paper (sources). Each section in the literature review should focus on diary a separate category. These categories can be organised in different ways. Methodologically, thematically, empirically, chronologically, geographically, writing it Up, set the scene. The introduction should define the key topic and outline the basis of your argument. Be wary of chronology, for each category introduce papers in a chronological order, especially if using phrases such as in response, then, leading to etc.
The primary objective of a literature review is to summarise and synthesise the available research on a given topic. It establishes that you are aware of the relevant literature, and have the capacity to understand it and set it in context. Planning the literature review, define the topic, conduct a broad search to assemble a long list of references. Evaluate the long list to create several key references, pay particular attention to the academic merits of each publication. How prestigious is the journal that it was published in? How much impact has it had on future work? How renowned is the author?
Writing Up, research Results
Here is a quick guide to telling the difference. Guidelines for Writing a literature review. The essays following guidelines are modeled after the similarly titled guidelines. Both forms are based. Galvans (2006) text, and sections of this guide have been"d directly or with only minor revision from both sources. This adaptation is organized to reflect a three-part approach I found effective for pacing students.
I typically recommend six-eight weeks for writing a first review. The three sections include: Steps 1-4: Finding Research (one-two weeks steps 5-6: Analyzing and Organizing (two-three weeks steps 7-9: Citing and Writing (three-four weeks, repeating 1-6 as needed). In addition to using this guide, you should also (a) biography locate and browse examples of literature reviews in your field to get a feel for what they are and how they are written and (b) read other writing guides to see different perspectives and approaches. Examples include: review of Literature : uwmadison: The Writing Center. How.Write a literature review: ucsanta Cruz: University library. Information Fluency: Literature review: Washington lee: leyburn Library.
If you double space by habit, use. Find and Replace in Microsoft Word to replace double spaces with single spaces. Pay attention to capitalization on the references page. Only capitalize the first letters of titles and after punctuation. Capitalize and italicize all first letters in journal titles.
Limit direct"tions to two, total, in the review and always include author, year, and page numbers for direct"tions. For example, (Galvan, 2006,. Everything is double-spaced not single, not triple, double. Use subheadings for the different points in your review. Only use peer-reviewed sources. Newspapers and magazines do not count as peer-review references.
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While a summary of what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing studies. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or write to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Mongan-Rallis, 2006 seven Simple rules, here are seven simple rules apple that cover the most common literature review mistakes, in no particular order. Refer to these rules before submitting any written work: do not write in the first person (no i or we). Single space after all punctuation. This is apa format.
Make sure your notes are indexed by paper, so that you always have the citation of the original paper with whatever facts you note down. I find OneNote is a great way to do this, but there are other tools I'm sure. For me, once i've read 20 or so papers, i usually have a pretty good idea of what the answer to my question/topic is, and what the nuances are. Then it's just a matter of organizing the notes that i've already taken into a rough outline of what I want to say (remembering to keep label all resume the facts/opinions with their citations). After that, you're ready to start writing, and it's not too difficult since you've already got a good sense of what to write as well as a rough draft in the form of notes. One important caveat is that you should always re-write all your notes in your own words as you go through the outline converting it into a paper. This way, if you occasionally just copied the original author's text when taking notes, you won't end up with their words in your paper (which would be plagiarizing). Pdf version of this page, what is a literature review? A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.
the type of key words that are important for your topic. Use these terms to build an improved literature search. Third, you need to actually do the literature search. Your field probably has a database of journals - use this and your search terms to identify all relevant papers over whatever time frame you are interested. You'll probably need to refine as you go, so you don't get swamped with papers. I prefer to go use a systematic search strategy, even if I'm not doing a systematic review, since this removes some subjectivity. This means going through all results, and reading any papers which have titles or abstracts that suggest they may be relevant to your question. Fourth, you need to read and take notes.
The first step to writing a literature review is defining your topic. What is the key question/ concept you are trying to explain or summarize? This can be difficult if you are really starting from zero on a topic, and will probably need to be refined as you work on your review. But it's important to define this at least in draft form before you start. The second step is coming up with search terms. Begin by searching your question/ concept on google Scholar or another large database - if it's a biomedical topic, cochrane reviews is a good place to start. I'm not sure if there are similar review databases for other fields. Look for a few key papers in the area, read those, and look remote at their reference lists.
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To do a literature review, start by finding a variety of reliable sources that all relate to one topic or theme. Then, read through the sources and come up with a thesis statement for your paper. Once you summary have your thesis, explain how the sources you used back up your thesis in the body of your literature review. You can arrange the sources chronologically, by publication, or even thematically. Did this summary help you? Since you don't say what field you are in, this may not work for you - but I'll describe how I do a literature review in the biomedical sciences. I've tried to be general, so it could apply to other fields, but if you're not in science at all it might not work for you.