In the 1970s and 1980s, psychological and supernatural horror started to take over cinema. Another classic Hollywood horror film is Tobe hooper 's Poltergeist (1982). Poltergeist is ranked the 20th scariest movie ever made by the Chicago, illinois Film Critics Association. Both The Shining and Poltergeist involve horror being based on real-estate values. The evil and horror throughout the films come from where the movies are taking place. 21 22 The Amityville horror is a 1979 supernatural horror film directed by Stuart Rosenberg, based on jay anson 's 1977 book of the same name. It stars James Brolin and Margot Kidder as a young couple who purchase a home they come to find haunted by combative supernatural forces.
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Wes Craven 's The hills have eyes (1977) and The last house on the left (1972) along with Tobe hooper 's The texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) 20 (based on the Ed gein case) recalled the vietnam War ; while george. Romero satirized the consumer society in his zombie sequel, dawn of the dead (1978). Meanwhile, the subgenre of comedy horror re-emerged in the cinema with The Abominable. Phibes (1971 young Frankenstein (1974 The rocky horror Picture Show (1975 and An American Werewolf in London (1981) among others. Also in the 1970s, the works of the horror author Stephen King began to be adapted for the screen, beginning with Brian de palma 's adaptation of Carrie (1976 king's first published novel, for which the two female leads ( Sissy Spacek and Piper laurie. Next, was his third published novel, The Shining (1980 directed by Stanley kubrick, which was a sleeper at the box office. At first, many critics and viewers had negative feedback toward The Shining. However, the film proposal is now known as one of Hollywood's most classic horror films. This psychological horror film has a variety of themes; "evil children alcoholism, telepathy, and insanity. This type of film is an example of how Hollywood's idea of horror started to evolve. Murder and violence were no longer the main themes of horror films.
In the 1970s, Italian filmmakers Mario bava, riccardo Freda, antonio margheriti, and Dario argento developed giallo horror films plan that became classics and influenced the genre in other countries. Representative films include: Twitch of the death Nerve, the bird with the Crystal Plumage, deep Red, and Suspiria. Don't look now (1973 a independent British-Italian film directed by nicolas roeg, was also notable. Its focus on the psychology of grief was unusually strong for a film featuring a supernatural horror plot. Another notable film is The wicker Man (1973 a british mystery horror film dealing with the practice of ancient pagan rituals in the modern era. It was written by Anthony Shaffer and directed by robin Hardy. The ideas of the 1960s began to influence horror films, as the youth involved in the counterculture began exploring the medium.
Low-budget splatter films from the reviews likes of Herschell Gordon Lewis also gained prominence. 19 1970s1980s edit The financial successes of the low-budget gore films of the ensuing years, and the critical and popular success of Rosemary's Baby, led to the release of more films with occult themes in the 1970s. The Exorcist (1973 the first of these movies, was a significant commercial success and was followed by scores of horror films in which a demon entity is represented as the supernatural evil, often by impregnating women or possessing children. "Evil children" and reincarnation became popular subjects. Robert Wise 's film Audrey rose (1977) for example, deals with a man who claims that his daughter is the reincarnation of another dead person. Alice, sweet Alice (1977 is another Catholic-themed horror slasher about a little girl's murder and her sister being the prime suspect. Another popular occult horror movie was The Omen (1976 where a man realizes that his five-year-old adopted son is the Antichrist. Invincible to human intervention, demons became villains in many horror films with a postmodern style and a dystopian worldview. Another example is The sentinel (1977 in which a fashion model discovers that her new brownstone residence may actually be a portal to hell.
The Innocents (1961) based on the henry james novel The turn of the Screw. Meanwhile, ghosts were a dominant theme in Japanese horror, in such films as Kwaidan, onibaba (both 1964) and Kuroneko (1968). Rosemary's Baby (1968) is an American psychological horror film written and directed by roman Polanski, based on the bestselling 1967 novel of the same name by Ira levin. Another influential American horror film of this period was george. Romero 's Night of the living dead (1968). Produced and directed by romero on a budget of 114,000, it grossed 30 million internationally. An Armageddon film about zombies, it began to combine psychological insights with gore. Distancing the era from earlier gothic trends, late 1960s films brought horror into everyday life.
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The film conveyed the fears of living in the Atomic Age and the terror of social alienation. In the late 1950s, the United Kingdom emerged as a major producer of horror films. 15 The hammer company focused on the genre for the first time, enjoying huge international success from films involving classic horror characters which were shown in color for the first time. 16 Drawing on Universal's precedent, many films produced report were Frankenstein essay and Dracula remakes, followed by many sequels. Christopher lee starred in a number of Hammer Horror films, including The curse of Frankenstein (1957 which Professor Patricia macCormac called the "first really gory horror film, showing blood and guts in colour". 17 Other British companies contributed to a boom in horror film production in the United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s.
The shadowy figure from the shower scene from Hitchcock's Psycho (1960) Released in may 1960, the British psychological thriller film, peeping Tom (1960) by michael Powell, is a progenitor of the contemporary " slasher film ". 18 Alfred Hitchcock cemented the subgenre with Psycho released later that year. France continued the mad scientist theme, while Italian horror films became internationally notable. American International Pictures (AIP) made a series of Edgar Allan poe themed films. Films in the era used the supernatural premise to express the horror of the demonic.
10 With the progression of the genre, actors like boris Karloff and Bela lugosi were beginning to build entire careers in horror. Both appeared in three of Val Lewton 's atmospheric B movies for rko in the mid-1940s, including The body Snatcher (1945). 1950s1960s edit Christopher lee starred in numerous British horror films of the era, produced by hammer Films. Shown here is the 1958 color remake of Dracula. It was lee who fixed the image of the fanged vampire in popular culture. 11 12 With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the gothic towards contemporary concerns.
Two subgenres began to emerge: the doomsday film and the demonic film. 13 Low-budget productions featured humanity overcoming threats such as alien invasions and deadly mutations to people, plants, and insects. Japan's experience with Hiroshima and Nagasaki bore the well-known Godzilla (1954) and its sequels, featuring mutation from the effects of nuclear radiation. Hollywood directors and producers found ample opportunity for audience exploitation through gimmicks. House of Wax (1953) used the advent of 3-D film to draw audiences, while The tingler used electric seat buzzers in 1959. Filmmakers continued to merge elements of science fiction and horror over the following decades. Considered a "pulp masterpiece" 14 of the era was The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957 based on Richard Matheson 's existentialist novel.
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1930s1940s edit during the early period of talking pictures, Universal Pictures began a successful Gothic horror film series. Tod Browning's Dracula (1931) was quickly followed by james Whale 's Frankenstein (1931) and The Old Dark house (1932 both featuring monstrous mute antagonists. Some of these films blended science fiction with Gothic horror, such as Whale's The Invisible man (1933) and featured a mad scientist, mirroring earlier German films. Frankenstein was the first in a series of remakes which lasted for years. The mummy (1932) introduced Egyptology as a theme; make-up artist Jack pierce was responsible for the iconic image of the monster, and others in the series. Universal's horror cycle continued into the 1940s with B movies including The wolf Man (1941 as well as a number of films uniting several of the most common monsters. 8 Other studios followed Universal's lead. The once controversial Freaks (1932 based on the short story " Spurs was made by mgm, though the studio disowned the completed film, and it summary remained banned, in the United Kingdom, business for 30 years. Hyde ( Paramount, 1931) is remembered for its innovative use of photographic filters to create jekyll's transformation before the camera.
Ingram's The magician (1926) contains one of the first examples of a " mad doctor " and is said to have had a large influence on James Whale's version of Frankenstein. 7 The Unholy Three (1925) is an example of Browning's use of macabre and unique style of morbidity; he remade the film english in 1930 as a talkie, though The terror (1928) was the first horror film with sound. Germany edit before and during the weimar Republic era, german Expressionist filmmakers would significantly influence later productions. Paul Wegener 's The Student of Prague (1913) and The golem trilogy (19151920 as well as Robert wiene 's The cabinet. Caligari (1920 Arthur Robison 's Warning Shadows (1923 and paul Leni 's Waxworks (1924 were influential films at the time. The first vampire-themed movie, nosferatu (1922 was made during this period; it was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker 's Dracula. Sweden, denmark, and France edit Other European countries also, contributed to the genre during this period. Victor Sjöström 's The Phantom Carriage (Sweden, 1920) is a cautionary tale about a supernatural legend, benjamin Christensen 's Häxan (Denmark/Sweden, 1922) is a documentary-style, horror film, about witchcraft and superstition, and in 1928, Frenchman, jean Epstein produced an influential film, The fall of the.
the works of poe and Dante, among others. In 1908, selig Polyscope company produced. 1910s1920s edit United States edit In 1910, Edison Studios produced the first filmed version of Frankenstein. 4 The macabre nature of the source materials used made the films synonymous with the horror film genre. 5 Though the word horror to describe the film genre would not be used until the 1930s (when Universal Pictures released their initial monster films earlier American productions often relied on horror themes. Some notable examples include The hunchback of Notre dame (1923 The Phantom of the Opera (1925 The cat and the canary (1927 The Unknown (1927 and The man Who laughs (1928). Many of these early films were considered dark melodramas because of their stock characters and emotion-heavy plots that focused on romance, violence, suspense, and sentimentality. 6 The trend of inserting an element of macabre into American pre-horror melodramas continued into the 1920s. Directors known for relying on macabre in their films during the 1920s were maurice tourneur, rex Ingram, and Tod Browning.
Horror may also overlap with the fantasy, supernatural fiction, and thriller genres. Horror films often aim to evoke viewers' nightmares, fears, revulsions and terror of the unknown. Plots within the horror genre often involve the intrusion of an evil force, event, or personage into the everyday world. Prevalent elements include ghosts, extraterrestrials, vampires, werewolves, demons, satanism, evil clowns, gore, torture, vicious animals, evil witches, monsters, zombies, cannibalism, psychopaths, natural or man-made disasters, and serial killers. 1 Some subgenres of horror film shredder include action horror, comedy horror, body horror, disaster horror, holiday horror, horror drama, psychological horror, science fiction horror, slasher horror, supernatural horror, gothic horror, natural horror, zombie horror, first-person horror, and teen horror. Contents History edit s edit The first depictions of supernatural events appear in several of the silent shots created by the film pioneer georges Méliès in the late 1890s, the best known being le manoir du diable, which is sometimes credited as being the first. 2 Another of his horror projects was la caverne maudite (1898) (a.k.a. The cave of the demons, literally "the accursed cave.
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"Horror movie" redirects here. For the skyhooks song, see. For the 2015 film, see. For other uses, see, horror (disambiguation). A famous scene from the 1922 German horror film. Nosferatu, a horror film is a film that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, summary such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking ones audiences. Initially often inspired by literature from authors like. Edgar Allan poe, bram Stoker, and, mary Shelley, horror has existed as a film genre for more than one century. The macabre and the supernatural are frequent themes.